Research

Journal Articles

Adolescence to Adulthood
Child Welfare

State-Level Legal and Sociodemographic Correlates of Child Marriage Rates in the United States

Although there is a breadth of knowledge on child marriage in many low- and middle-income countries, little research and policy discussion exists surrounding child marriage within the United States. Using administrative data from several sources, this study examines how a range of different state-level variables, including political lean, academic performance, median household income, religiosity, population density, minimum age requirements and other state laws, such as parental and judicial consent, and median distance to an abortion clinic are related to variation in child marriage rates across states.

read more about State-Level Legal and Sociodemographic Correlates of Child Marriage Rates in the United States
Families and Parenting

The HOME-21: A Revised Measure of the Home Environment for the 21st Century Tested in Two Independent Samples

To reflect historical changes in family composition, gender roles and division of childcare, norms about the acceptability of different forms of discipline, and the digital environment in which children live, this report presents the HOME-21, a revised version of the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment–Short Form, which has been the most widely used measure of children’s home environments for decades.

read more about The HOME-21: A Revised Measure of the Home Environment for the 21st Century Tested in Two Independent Samples
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Predicting Child Aggression: The Role of Parent and Child Endorsement of Reactive Aggression Across 13 Cultural Groups in 9 Nations

Parent and child endorsement of reactive aggression both predict the emergence of child aggression, but they are rarely studied together and in longitudinal contexts. The present study does so by examining the unique predictive effects of parent and child endorsement of reactive aggression at age 8 on child aggression at age 9 in 1456 children from 13 cultural groups in 9 nations.

read more about Predicting Child Aggression: The Role of Parent and Child Endorsement of Reactive Aggression Across 13 Cultural Groups in 9 Nations
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity

Earned Income Tax Credit Receipt By Hispanic Families With Children: State Outreach And Demographic Factors

In this study, researchers found that states’ granting of drivers’ licenses to undocumented people, availability of government information in Spanish, and employer mandates to inform employees were associated with higher EITC receipt among Hispanic families. These findings showcase ways in which information and outreach at the state level can support the equitable receipt of tax refunds and similar types of benefits distributed through the tax system.

read more about Earned Income Tax Credit Receipt By Hispanic Families With Children: State Outreach And Demographic Factors
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality

Parents as Earners: What Parental Work Means for Parenting and the Role of Public Policy

Lisa Gennetian and Anna Gassman-Pines’ chapter in The Cambridge Handbook of Parenting focuses on families with young children age 0-5 and considers the context of work and employment for parents, the role of child care and early education as supports for working parents, and the theoretical and empirical linkages between parents’ work contexts and parenting.

read more about Parents as Earners: What Parental Work Means for Parenting and the Role of Public Policy
Families and Parenting

Familial Deaths and First Birth

Motivated by the rise in premature mortality among working-age adults, we examine the association between adult familial deaths and the transition to motherhood. Although many deaths can be disruptive, deaths that occur sooner than expected and to certain family members (e.g., mothers) may prompt changes in resources, time available for parenting, or psychological understandings in ways that change fertility behavior.

read more about Familial Deaths and First Birth
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Pandemic-Era Unemployment Insurance Access: Implications For Health And Well-Being

During the COVID-19 pandemic, workers not identifying as White non-Hispanic in our sample were more likely to get laid off than White workers. However, these workers were less likely than White workers to receive unemployment insurance at all. Among those who were laid off, these workers and White workers experienced similar increases in material and mental health difficulties and similar gains when they received unemployment insurance.

read more about Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Pandemic-Era Unemployment Insurance Access: Implications For Health And Well-Being
Child Welfare
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Do children evaluated for maltreatment have higher subsequent emergency department and inpatient care utilization compared to a general pediatric sample?

This article presents data on the positive association of having a child maltreatment evaluation with subsequent acute health care utilization among children from birth to age three.

read more about Do children evaluated for maltreatment have higher subsequent emergency department and inpatient care utilization compared to a general pediatric sample?
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality

‘I don’t know nothing about that’: How “Learning Costs” Undermine COVID-Related Efforts to Make SNAP and WIC More Accessible.

Scholars have focused on administrative burden or the costs of claiming public benefits. Learning, psychological, and compliance costs can discourage program participation and benefit redemption. Although policy changes during COVID-19 were poised to reduce compliance costs and ease conditions that create redemption costs in each program, the learning costs of policy changes prevented many program participants from experiencing the benefits of these policy transformations.

read more about ‘I don’t know nothing about that’: How “Learning Costs” Undermine COVID-Related Efforts to Make SNAP and WIC More Accessible.
Child Welfare

What Do Child Abuse and Neglect Medical Evaluation Consultation Notes Tell Researchers and Clinicians?

Child abuse and neglect medical experts provide care to children when there is concern for maltreatment. Their clinical notes contain valuable information. This article includes the results of creating and implemented a coding system for data abstraction from these notes.

read more about What Do Child Abuse and Neglect Medical Evaluation Consultation Notes Tell Researchers and Clinicians?
K-12 Education

Can Community Crime Monitoring Reduce Student Absenteeism?

This article examines the impact on student absenteeism of a large, school-based community crime monitoring program that employed local community members to monitor and report crime on designated city blocks during times when students traveled to and from school. The authors find that the program resulted in a 0.58 percentage point (8.5 percent) reduction in the elementary school-level absence rate in the years following initial implementation.

read more about Can Community Crime Monitoring Reduce Student Absenteeism?
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality

Comprehensive Support and Student Success: Can Out of School Time Make a Difference?

The author investigates the effects of a multiyear program, StudentU, on the early high school outcomes of participating students by exploiting data from oversubscribed admissions lotteries. Results suggest that comprehensive services delivered outside of the regular school day have the potential to improve the educational outcomes of disadvantaged students.

read more about Comprehensive Support and Student Success: Can Out of School Time Make a Difference?
Adolescence to Adulthood

Gun violence among young adults with a juvenile crime record in North Carolina: Implications for firearm restrictions based on age and risk

The prevalence of arrests for crimes involving guns among young adults in North Carolina with a gun-disqualifying felony record acquired before age 18 suggests that the federal gun prohibitor conferred by a felony record is not highly effective as currently implemented in this population. From a risk-based perspective, these restrictions appear to be justified; better implementation and enforcement may improve their effectiveness.

read more about Gun violence among young adults with a juvenile crime record in North Carolina: Implications for firearm restrictions based on age and risk
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity

Net Worth Poverty and Child Development

This study provides evidence that net worth poverty has negative associations with children’s development.

read more about Net Worth Poverty and Child Development
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Impact of a Universal Perinatal Home-Visiting Program on Reduction in Race Disparities in Maternal and Child Health

This study demonstrates that a universal approach to early family intervention can have positive population impact while also reducing disparities in outcomes.

read more about Impact of a Universal Perinatal Home-Visiting Program on Reduction in Race Disparities in Maternal and Child Health
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity

Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Case Positivity and Social Context: The Role of Housing, Neighborhood, and Health Insurance

This paper analyzed how housing, neighborhood, and health insurance explain disparities in case positivity between and within racial-ethnic groups in Durham County, North Carolina, finding that housing, neighborhood, and health insurance had a significant role in producing racial-ethnic disparities in COVID-19 case positivity.

read more about Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Case Positivity and Social Context: The Role of Housing, Neighborhood, and Health Insurance
K-12 Education

When Does Crime Respond to Punishment?: Evidence from Drug-Free School Zones

Economic theory suggests that crime should respond to punishment severity. Using increases in punishment severity in drug-free school zones along with changes in the probability of detection resulting from a community crime-monitoring program, we demonstrate that drug-related crime drops in blocks just within the drug-free school zones, where punishments are more severe, but only if the monitoring intensity–and hence the probability of detection–is at intermediate levels.

read more about When Does Crime Respond to Punishment?: Evidence from Drug-Free School Zones
Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Predictors of Problematic Adult Alcohol, Cannabis, and Other Substance Use: A Longitudinal Study of Two Samples

This study examined whether a key set of adolescent and early adulthood risk factors predicts problematic alcohol, cannabis, and other substance use in established adulthood. Externalizing behaviors and prior substance use in early adulthood were consistent predictors of problematic alcohol and cannabis misuse in established adulthood across samples.

read more about Predictors of Problematic Adult Alcohol, Cannabis, and Other Substance Use: A Longitudinal Study of Two Samples
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Effect of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the COVID-19 Pandemic on Child Behavior Problems

The COVID-19 pandemic profoundly affected American families and children, including through the closure or change in the nature of their care and school settings. For all families, care or school disruptions were related to worse child behavior, more negative parental mood, and increased likelihood of losing temper and punishment.

read more about Effect of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the COVID-19 Pandemic on Child Behavior Problems
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality

The Effects of the Emeryville Fair Workweek Ordinance on the Daily Lives of Low-Wage Workers and Their Families

Emeryville, California’s Fair Workweek Ordinance (FWO) aimed to reduce service workers’ schedule unpredictability by requiring large retail and food service employers to provide advanced notice of schedules and to compensate workers for last-minute schedule changes. The FWO decreased working parents’ schedule unpredictability and improved their well-being, decreased parents’ days worked while increasing hours per work day, and parent well-being improved.

read more about The Effects of the Emeryville Fair Workweek Ordinance on the Daily Lives of Low-Wage Workers and Their Families
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting

Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial

This study examined whether the childhood intervention program called Fast Track improves family life into the second generation.

read more about Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Compliance with Health Recommendations and Vaccine Hesitancy During the COVID Pandemic in Nine Countries

Longitudinal data from the Parenting Across Cultures study of children, mothers, and fathers in 12 cultural groups in nine countries were used to understand predictors of compliance with COVID-19 mitigation strategies and vaccine hesitancy. Findings suggest the importance of bolstering confidence in government responses to future human ecosystem disruptions, perhaps through consistent, clear, non-partisan messaging and transparency in acknowledging limitations and admitting mistakes to inspire compliance with government and public health recommendations.

read more about Compliance with Health Recommendations and Vaccine Hesitancy During the COVID Pandemic in Nine Countries
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality

Marriage, Kids, and the Picket Fence? Household Type and Wealth among U.S. Households, 1989 to 2019

Researchers examine net worth by the intersection of gender, parental, and relationship status during a period of increasing wealth inequality and family diversification using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances from 1989 through 2019. Despite changing social selection into marriage and parenthood, married parents consistently held a wealth advantage over demographically similar adults in other household types.

read more about Marriage, Kids, and the Picket Fence? Household Type and Wealth among U.S. Households, 1989 to 2019
Adolescence to Adulthood

Adult Criminal Outcomes of Juvenile Justice Involvement.

Juvenile justice involvement was associated with increased risk of adult criminality, with residential services associated with highest risk. Juvenile justice involvement may catalyze rather than deter from adult offending.

read more about Adult Criminal Outcomes of Juvenile Justice Involvement.
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Are Power Plant Closures a Breath of Fresh Air? Local Air Quality and School Absences

In this paper the authors study the effects of three large, nearly-simultaneous coal-fired power plant closures on school absences in Chicago. They find that the closures resulted in a 6 percent reduction in absenteeism in nearby schools relative to those farther away following the closures.

read more about Are Power Plant Closures a Breath of Fresh Air? Local Air Quality and School Absences
COVID-19
Families and Parenting

Adolescent Positivity and Future Orientation, Parental Psychological Control, and Young Adult Internalising Behaviours during COVID-19 in Nine Countries

This study investigated associations between COVID-19-related disruption and perception of increases in internalising symptoms among young adults and whether these associations were moderated by earlier measures of adolescent positivity and future orientation and parental psychological control.

read more about Adolescent Positivity and Future Orientation, Parental Psychological Control, and Young Adult Internalising Behaviours during COVID-19 in Nine Countries
Child Welfare
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Electronic Health Record Tools to Identify Child Maltreatment: Scoping Literature Review and Key Informant Interviews

We conducted a scoping literature review and key informant interviews of child maltreatment experts to (1) document the existing research evidence on the performance of EHR-based child abuse screens (EHR-CA-S) and clinical decision support systems (EHR-CA-CDSS )and (2) examine clinical perspectives regarding the use of such tools and factors that affect uptake. We find that current evidence does not support adoption of a particular CA-S or CA-CDSS and that further refinement of these tools is necessary.

read more about Electronic Health Record Tools to Identify Child Maltreatment: Scoping Literature Review and Key Informant Interviews
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

The impact of a poverty reduction intervention on infant brain activity

Data from the Baby’s First Years study, a randomized control trial, show that a predictable, monthly unconditional cash transfer given to low-income families may have a causal impact on infant brain activity.

read more about The impact of a poverty reduction intervention on infant brain activity
COVID-19
Families and Parenting

Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity

In this paper, we analyze program activity for Family Connects (FC), an evidencebased postpartum home-visiting intervention, during the COVID-19 pandemic. When the pandemic began, FC transitioned to a virtual protocol which maintains key psychosocial components of the in-person protocol and adjusts health assessments to address the lack of in-person contact.

read more about Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity
COVID-19
Families and Parenting

Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects

Early reports highlighted challenges in delivering home visiting programs virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic but the extent of the changes in program implementation and their implications remains unknown. We examine program activity and families’ perceptions of virtual home visiting during the first nine months of the pandemic using implementation data for Family Connects (FC), an evidence-based and MIECHV-eligible, postpartum nurse home visiting program.

read more about Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality

Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties

Home visiting is a popular approach to improving the health and well-being of families with infants and young children in the United States; but, to date, no home visiting program has achieved population impact for families in rural communities. The current report includes evaluation results from the dissemination of a brief, universal postpartum home visiting program to four high-poverty rural counties.

read more about Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

The Intergenerational Transmission of Maladaptive Parenting and its Impact on Child Mental Health: Examining Cross-Cultural Mediating Pathways and Moderating Protective Factors

Using a sample of 1338 families from 12 cultural groups in 9 nations, we examined whether retrospectively remembered Generation 1 (G1) parent rejecting behaviors were passed to Generation 2 (G2 parents), whether such intergenerational transmission led to higher Generation 3 (G3 child) externalizing and internalizing behavior at age 13, and whether such intergenerational transmission could be interrupted by parent participation in parenting programs or family income increases of > 5%.

read more about The Intergenerational Transmission of Maladaptive Parenting and its Impact on Child Mental Health: Examining Cross-Cultural Mediating Pathways and Moderating Protective Factors
Adolescence to Adulthood
COVID-19
Families and Parenting

Pre-Pandemic Psychological and Behavioral Predictors of Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nine Countries

Across countries, adolescents’ internalizing problems pre-pandemic predicted increased internalizing during the pandemic, and poorer well-being pre-pandemic predicted increased externalizing and substance use during the pandemic.

read more about Pre-Pandemic Psychological and Behavioral Predictors of Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nine Countries
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting

Culture and Social Change in Mothers’ and Fathers’ Individualism, Collectivism and Parenting Attitudes

Historically, individualism vs. collectivism has been a main organizing framework for understanding cultural differences in family life. This study examines parents in nine countries to understand their individualism, collectivism and parenting attitudes. They found parenting attitudes are predicted by a range of sociodemographic factors.

read more about Culture and Social Change in Mothers’ and Fathers’ Individualism, Collectivism and Parenting Attitudes
COVID-19
Families and Parenting

Parent–adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers’ and young adults’ adjustment in five countries.

This study capitalizes on a longitudinal, cross-national study of parenting, adolescent development, and young adult competence to document the association between personal disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic and reported changes in internalizing and externalizing behavior in young adults and their mothers since the pandemic began.

read more about Parent–adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers’ and young adults’ adjustment in five countries.
Adolescence to Adulthood
COVID-19

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol and illicit substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents was investigated through two studies with five samples from independent ongoing U.S. longitudinal studies.

read more about Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents
Child Welfare

Text-Based Crisis Service Users’ Perceptions of Seeking Child Maltreatment-Related Support From Formal Systems

Many young people were hesitant to reach out to formal systems in the future, in part because of negative experiences during past disclosure experiences. Young people may be more likely to seek support through their preferred communication medium, so providing text- and chat-based communication may be one way to encourage and facilitate disclosure.

read more about Text-Based Crisis Service Users’ Perceptions of Seeking Child Maltreatment-Related Support From Formal Systems
Early Care and Education
Families and Parenting
K-12 Education

Light-touch design enhancements can boost parent engagement in math activities

Early proficiency in math skills is increasingly being seen as an independent area worthy of early curriculum development and policy investment to reduce socioeconomic disparities in children’s school readiness.

read more about Light-touch design enhancements can boost parent engagement in math activities
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality

Understanding Patterns of Food Insecurity and Family Well-Being Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Daily Surveys

This paper investigates economic and psychological hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic among a diverse sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged parents and their elementary school-aged children. Longitudinal models revealed that food insecurity, negative parent and child mood, and child misbehavior significantly increased when schools closed; only food insecurity and parent depression later decreased.

read more about Understanding Patterns of Food Insecurity and Family Well-Being Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Daily Surveys
Adolescence to Adulthood

Development of individuals’ own and perceptions of peers’ substance use from early adolescence to adulthood

This study evaluated how individuals’ own substance use and their perception of peers’ substance use predict each other across development from early adolescence to middle adulthood.

read more about Development of individuals’ own and perceptions of peers’ substance use from early adolescence to adulthood
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Childhood Gun Access, Adult Suicidality, and Crime

Analyses were based on a 20+ year prospective, community-representative study of 1420 children, who were assessed up to 8 times during childhood (ages 9–16; 6674 observations) about access to guns in their home.

read more about Childhood Gun Access, Adult Suicidality, and Crime
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality

“It Was Actually Pretty Easy”: COVID-19 Compliance Cost Reductions in the WIC Program

Studies identify one element of compliance costs—quarterly appointments—as a barrier to continued WIC participation. This article draws on 44 in-depth qualitative interviews with participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) to examine how WIC participants perceived the reduction of compliance costs following the implementation of remote appointments in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. WIC participants reported satisfaction with remote appointments and a reduction in the compliance costs of accessing and maintaining benefits.

read more about “It Was Actually Pretty Easy”: COVID-19 Compliance Cost Reductions in the WIC Program
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality

Childhood Wealth Inequality in the United States: Implications for Social Stratification and Well-Being

Wealth inequality—the unequal distribution of assets and debts across a population—has reached historic levels in the United States, particularly for households with children.

read more about Childhood Wealth Inequality in the United States: Implications for Social Stratification and Well-Being
Child Welfare
Families and Parenting

Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial

The Family Connects (FC) program, a community-wide nurse home visiting program for newborns, has been shown to provide benefits for children and families through the first 5 years of life.

read more about Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

The Effect of Coal-Fired Power Plant Closures on Emergency Department Visits for Asthma-Related Conditions Among 0- to 4-Year-Old Children in Chicago, 2009–2017

This article investigates the effects of coal-fired power plant closures on zip code–level rates of emergency department visits for asthma-related conditions among 0- to 4-year-old children in Chicago, Illinois. Findings demonstrate that closing coal-fired power plants can lead to improvements in the respiratory health of young children.

read more about The Effect of Coal-Fired Power Plant Closures on Emergency Department Visits for Asthma-Related Conditions Among 0- to 4-Year-Old Children in Chicago, 2009–2017
Poverty and Inequality

“It Takes a While to Get Used to”: The Costs of Redeeming Public Benefits

Scholars have examined how administrative burden creates barriers to accessing public benefits but have primarily focused on the challenges of claiming benefits. Less is known about the difficulties beneficiaries face when using public benefits, especially voucher-based public assistance programs. Examining redemption costs can help clarify when and where beneficiaries experience burdens, reasons behind discontinuity in program participation, and why public programs fail to meet objectives.

read more about “It Takes a While to Get Used to”: The Costs of Redeeming Public Benefits
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Lower neural value signaling in the prefrontal cortex is related to childhood family income and depressive symptomatology during adolescence

Lower family income during childhood is related to increased rates of adolescent depression, though the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.

read more about Lower neural value signaling in the prefrontal cortex is related to childhood family income and depressive symptomatology during adolescence
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Clearing gang- and drug-involved nonfatal shootings

Clearance rates for nonfatal shootings, especially cases involving gang- and drug-related violence, are disturbingly low in many US cities.

read more about Clearing gang- and drug-involved nonfatal shootings
K-12 Education

Do Teacher Assistants Improve Student Outcomes? Evidence From School Funding Cutbacks in North Carolina

This article examines the influence of teacher assistants and other personnel on outcomes for elementary school students during a period of recession-induced cutbacks in teacher assistants.

read more about Do Teacher Assistants Improve Student Outcomes? Evidence From School Funding Cutbacks in North Carolina
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Heightened immigration enforcement impacts US citizens’ birth outcomes: Evidence from early ICE interventions in North Carolina

We examine how increased Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) activities impacted newborn health and prenatal care utilization in North Carolina around the time Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act was first being implemented within the state.

read more about Heightened immigration enforcement impacts US citizens’ birth outcomes: Evidence from early ICE interventions in North Carolina
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education

Getting Tough? The Effects of Discretionary Principal Discipline on Student Outcomes

Nationwide, school principals are given wide discretion to use disciplinary tools like suspension and expulsion to create a safe learning environment.

read more about Getting Tough? The Effects of Discretionary Principal Discipline on Student Outcomes
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Work Schedule Unpredictability: Daily Occurrence and Effects on Working Parents’ Well-Being

Family science has long considered the ways in which parents’ experiences in the workplace can affect families.

read more about Work Schedule Unpredictability: Daily Occurrence and Effects on Working Parents’ Well-Being
K-12 Education
Race Equity

School Segregation at the Classroom Level in a Southern ‘New Destination’ State

Using detailed administrative data for public schools, we document racial and ethnic segregation at the classroom level in North Carolina, a state that has experienced a sharp increase in Hispanic enrollment.

read more about School Segregation at the Classroom Level in a Southern ‘New Destination’ State
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity

Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019

This study is the first to examine net worth poverty, and its intersection with income poverty, by race and ethnicity among child households in the United States.

read more about Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

COVID-19 and Parent-Child Psychological Well-being

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 has changed American society in ways that are difficult to capture in a timely manner.

read more about COVID-19 and Parent-Child Psychological Well-being
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Brazil’s Missing Infants: Zika Risk Changes Reproductive Behavior

Zika virus epidemics have potential large-scale population effects. Controlled studies of mice and nonhuman primates indicate that Zika affects fecundity, raising concerns about miscarriage in human populations.

read more about Brazil’s Missing Infants: Zika Risk Changes Reproductive Behavior
Child Welfare

Mothers and fathers in the criminal justice system and children’s child protective services involvement

Parents charged with a criminal offense had higher rates of having a child protective services (CPS) assessment/investigation during the three years preceding the charge than parents who were not charged. Changing parental incarceration rates would change CPS caseloads substantially.

read more about Mothers and fathers in the criminal justice system and children’s child protective services involvement
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education

Gender Differences in the Impact of North Carolina’s Early Care and Education Initiatives on Student Outcomes in Elementary School

Based on growing evidence of the long-term benefits of enriched early childhood experiences, we evaluate the potential for addressing gender disparities in elementary school through early care and education programs.

read more about Gender Differences in the Impact of North Carolina’s Early Care and Education Initiatives on Student Outcomes in Elementary School
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity

Mothers’ and Fathers’ Time Spent with Children in the U.S.: Variations by Race/Ethnicity Within Income from 2003 to 2013

Using data from the American Time Use Survey, we examine the empirically underexplored ways in which racial and ethnic identity shapes parental time use.

read more about Mothers’ and Fathers’ Time Spent with Children in the U.S.: Variations by Race/Ethnicity Within Income from 2003 to 2013
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Agricultural Fires and Health at Birth

Fire has long served as a tool in agriculture, but the practice’s link with economic activity has made its health consequences difficult to study.

read more about Agricultural Fires and Health at Birth
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education

Raising the bar for college admission: North Carolina’s increase in minimum math course requirements

Charles T. Clotfelter, Steven W. Hemelt, Helen F. Ladd Education Finance and Policy (2019) 14 (3): 492–521. https://doi.org/10.1162/edfp_a_00258

read more about Raising the bar for college admission: North Carolina’s increase in minimum math course requirements
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Bringing Organizations Back In: Multilevel Feedback Effects on Individual Civic Inclusion

Policy feedback scholarship has focused on how laws and their implementation affect either organizations (e.g., their resources, priorities, political opportunities, or incentive structures) or individuals (e.g., their civic skills and resources or their psychological orientations toward the state).

read more about Bringing Organizations Back In: Multilevel Feedback Effects on Individual Civic Inclusion
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Professionals, friends, and confidants: After-school staff as social support to low-income parents

Policy makers, practitioners, and researchers have emphasized the importance of supportive relationships between staff and parents in early childhood education settings and schools.

read more about Professionals, friends, and confidants: After-school staff as social support to low-income parents
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

WIC Recipients in the Retail Environment: A Qualitative Study Assessing Customer Experience and Satisfaction

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program is an important intervention for prevention and treatment of obesity and food insecurity, but participation has dropped among eligible populations from 2009 to 2015.

read more about WIC Recipients in the Retail Environment: A Qualitative Study Assessing Customer Experience and Satisfaction
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Impact of a Neuroscience-Based Health Education Course on High School Students’ Health Knowledge, Beliefs, and Behaviors.

The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the potential of an innovative high school neuroscience-based health course for implementation feasibility and impact on student outcomes.

read more about Impact of a Neuroscience-Based Health Education Course on High School Students’ Health Knowledge, Beliefs, and Behaviors.
Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being

Predicting Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood

Saint-Eloi Cadely et al. found longitudinal patterns for the perpetration of both psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV), including actively and minimally aggressive patterns.

read more about Predicting Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood
K-12 Education

Improving Young English Learners’ Language and Literacy Skills Through Teacher Professional Development: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Using a randomized controlled trial, we tested a new teacher professional development program for increasing the language and literacy skills of young Latino English learners with 45 teachers and 105 students in 12 elementary schools.

read more about Improving Young English Learners’ Language and Literacy Skills Through Teacher Professional Development: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Adolescence to Adulthood
Poverty and Inequality

Multifaceted Aid for Low-Income Students and College Outcomes: Evidence From North Carolina

We study the evolution of a campus-based aid program for low-income students that began with grant-heavy financial aid and later added a suite of nonfinancial supports.

read more about Multifaceted Aid for Low-Income Students and College Outcomes: Evidence From North Carolina
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education

Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School

North Carolina’s Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61% non-Latinx White, 30% African American, 4% Latinx, 5% other).

read more about Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education

Evaluation of a Public Awareness Campaign to Prevent High School Dropout

Many advocacy organizations devote time and resources to increasing community awareness and educating the public in an effort to gain support for their issue.

read more about Evaluation of a Public Awareness Campaign to Prevent High School Dropout
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education

Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Initiatives on Special Education Placements in Third Grade

This study examines the community-wide effects of investments in two early childhood initiatives in North Carolina (Smart Start and More at Four) on the likelihood of a student being placed into special education.

read more about Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Initiatives on Special Education Placements in Third Grade
1 2 3 13