Teens consumed more unhealthy foods and beverages on days they were exposed to violence and suffered from fatigue due to poor sleep the next day, according to a new study in the journal Social Science and Medicine. Children exposed to violence are at greater risk for obesity, but exactly how that occurs is not well understood, the researchers said. Authors included Center-affiliated researchers Joy Pointak, William E. Copeland, Rick H. Hoyle and Candice L. Odgers.Duke Today »
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A new study by Center faculty fellows Liz Ananat and Anna Gassman-Pines suggests that the negative effects of parental job loss (children perform worse in school and are less likely to go to college) aren’t limited to the families of those who lost their jobs.Duke Today »
A long-term study of more than 500 children who grew up in the era of leaded gasoline has shown that their exposure to the powerful neurotoxin may have led to a loss of intelligence and occupational standing by the time they reached age 38. The effects are slight, but significant. Authors of the Journal of the American Medical Association study include faculty fellows Terrie Moffitt, Avshalom Caspi and Daniel Belsky.
A survey of more than 422,000 college freshmen found that students who identified as transgender were more likely than their peers who identify with their birth gender to experience negative consequences from drinking. The results suggest transgender college students may be particularly vulnerable to alcohol abuse, said Scott Swartzwelder, a Center faculty fellow and a senior author of the analysis.
For the fourth year in a row, Center faculty fellows Charles Clotfelter and Helen F. Ladd were in the top 100 of the most influential education scholars in a list released by Education Week. Scholars are ranked on their influence on education policy and practice, and the list is based on a combination of academic work and contributions to the public discussion in 2016.
Faculty Fellow Makeba Wilbourn has received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. This is the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on science and engineering professionals in the early stages of their research. Wilbourn studies how children learn language and how different modes of input, such as gestures, influence early language and cognitive development.
Center Director Ken Dodge has been selected as president-elect of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD). Dodge will serve as president-elect from 2017 to 2019, as president from 2019 to 2021 and as past-president from 2021-2023.
A detailed analysis of the lives of nearly a thousand people from birth to age 38 shows that a small portion of the population accounts for the lion’s share of social costs such as crime, welfare dependence and health-care needs as adults. The analysis was conducted by a group of researchers that included Center faculty fellows Avshalom Caspi, Daniel Belsky and Terrie Moffitt.
North Carolina’s investment in early child care and education programs resulted in higher test scores, less grade retention and fewer special education placements through fifth grade, a study from the Center finds. The researchers found the programs’ benefits did not fade with time, as in some early childhood intervention programs. Instead, the positive effects grew or held steady over the years.