Research

Resources

Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Net Worth Poverty and Child Development

These findings provide evidence that net worth poverty has negative associations with children’s development. Net worth poverty predicts lower reading and applied problem scores and increased behavioral problems.

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Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Net Worth Poverty and Child Development

This study provides evidence that net worth poverty has negative associations with children’s development.

read more about Net Worth Poverty and Child Development
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Impact of a Universal Perinatal Home-Visiting Program on Reduction in Race Disparities in Maternal and Child Health

This study demonstrates that a universal approach to early family intervention can have positive population impact while also reducing disparities in outcomes.

read more about Impact of a Universal Perinatal Home-Visiting Program on Reduction in Race Disparities in Maternal and Child Health
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

Measuring Educational Opportunity in North Carolina Public School Districts

This research brief examines two measures of educational opportunity in North Carolina public school districts, average achievement and achievement growth. The first measure— average achievement—indexes the average level of student achievement at a single point in time. The second measure—achievement growth—indexes the rate of growth in student achievement over time.

read more about Measuring Educational Opportunity in North Carolina Public School Districts
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial

This study examined whether the childhood intervention program called Fast Track improves family life into the second generation.

read more about Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial
Poverty and Inequality
Reports

Three Reasons Why Providing Cash to Families With Children Is a Sound Policy Investment

This paper, co-authored by Lisa Gennetian, provides three reasons why giving cash to families with low incomes is a sound policy investment for families and children. (It focuses on why cash is important, not which policy option is the optimal mechanism for distributing cash to families.)

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Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Behavioral Economics & Child and Family Policy: A Research Primer

Behavioral economics (BE) combines economics with social psychology and cognitive decision-making to offer a broader framework for understanding factors that affect people’s decisions and actions. It provides a way to examine how decisions can be shaped not only by information and costs but by how choices are designed, as well as the context and circumstances of the moment in which decisions are made.

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COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Adolescent Positivity and Future Orientation, Parental Psychological Control, and Young Adult Internalising Behaviours during COVID-19 in Nine Countries

This study investigated associations between COVID-19-related disruption and perception of increases in internalising symptoms among young adults and whether these associations were moderated by earlier measures of adolescent positivity and future orientation and parental psychological control.

read more about Adolescent Positivity and Future Orientation, Parental Psychological Control, and Young Adult Internalising Behaviours during COVID-19 in Nine Countries
Child Welfare
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Electronic Health Record Tools to Identify Child Maltreatment: Scoping Literature Review and Key Informant Interviews

We conducted a scoping literature review and key informant interviews of child maltreatment experts to (1) document the existing research evidence on the performance of EHR-based child abuse screens (EHR-CA-S) and clinical decision support systems (EHR-CA-CDSS )and (2) examine clinical perspectives regarding the use of such tools and factors that affect uptake. We find that current evidence does not support adoption of a particular CA-S or CA-CDSS and that further refinement of these tools is necessary.

read more about Electronic Health Record Tools to Identify Child Maltreatment: Scoping Literature Review and Key Informant Interviews
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

The impact of a poverty reduction intervention on infant brain activity

Data from the Baby’s First Years study, a randomized control trial, show that a predictable, monthly unconditional cash transfer given to low-income families may have a causal impact on infant brain activity.

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COVID-19
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Working Papers

Effects of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the Covid-19 Pandemic on Child Mental Health

The pandemic profoundly affected American children with disruptions to their schooling and daily care. A new study found that service sector workers who had a young child reported disruption on 24 percent of days in fall 2020. The disruptions were more common in remote learning and had a negative impact on children’s behavior and on parenting mood and behavior.

read more about Effects of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the Covid-19 Pandemic on Child Mental Health
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity

In this paper, we analyze program activity for Family Connects (FC), an evidencebased postpartum home-visiting intervention, during the COVID-19 pandemic. When the pandemic began, FC transitioned to a virtual protocol which maintains key psychosocial components of the in-person protocol and adjusts health assessments to address the lack of in-person contact.

read more about Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects

Early reports highlighted challenges in delivering home visiting programs virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic but the extent of the changes in program implementation and their implications remains unknown. We examine program activity and families’ perceptions of virtual home visiting during the first nine months of the pandemic using implementation data for Family Connects (FC), an evidence-based and MIECHV-eligible, postpartum nurse home visiting program.

read more about Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties

Home visiting is a popular approach to improving the health and well-being of families with infants and young children in the United States; but, to date, no home visiting program has achieved population impact for families in rural communities. The current report includes evaluation results from the dissemination of a brief, universal postpartum home visiting program to four high-poverty rural counties.

read more about Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Culture and Social Change in Mothers’ and Fathers’ Individualism, Collectivism and Parenting Attitudes

Historically, individualism vs. collectivism has been a main organizing framework for understanding cultural differences in family life. This study examines parents in nine countries to understand their individualism, collectivism and parenting attitudes. They found parenting attitudes are predicted by a range of sociodemographic factors.

read more about Culture and Social Change in Mothers’ and Fathers’ Individualism, Collectivism and Parenting Attitudes
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Parent–adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers’ and young adults’ adjustment in five countries.

This study capitalizes on a longitudinal, cross-national study of parenting, adolescent development, and young adult competence to document the association between personal disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic and reported changes in internalizing and externalizing behavior in young adults and their mothers since the pandemic began.

read more about Parent–adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers’ and young adults’ adjustment in five countries.
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Policy Briefs

The Benefits of Early Childhood Education Can Persist in the Long Run

This brief examines how the benefits of high-quality ECE might simultaneously diminish and persist in the long run. Strategies are then discussed to sustain the impacts of ECE during elementary school.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
COVID-19
Journal Articles

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol and illicit substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents was investigated through two studies with five samples from independent ongoing U.S. longitudinal studies.

read more about Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents
Early Care and Education
Families and Parenting
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Light-touch design enhancements can boost parent engagement in math activities

Early proficiency in math skills is increasingly being seen as an independent area worthy of early curriculum development and policy investment to reduce socioeconomic disparities in children’s school readiness.

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COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Understanding Patterns of Food Insecurity and Family Well-Being Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Daily Surveys

This paper investigates economic and psychological hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic among a diverse sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged parents and their elementary school-aged children. Longitudinal models revealed that food insecurity, negative parent and child mood, and child misbehavior significantly increased when schools closed; only food insecurity and parent depression later decreased.

read more about Understanding Patterns of Food Insecurity and Family Well-Being Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Daily Surveys
Adolescence to Adulthood
Journal Articles

Development of individuals’ own and perceptions of peers’ substance use from early adolescence to adulthood

This study evaluated how individuals’ own substance use and their perception of peers’ substance use predict each other across development from early adolescence to middle adulthood.

read more about Development of individuals’ own and perceptions of peers’ substance use from early adolescence to adulthood
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Childhood Gun Access, Adult Suicidality, and Crime

Analyses were based on a 20+ year prospective, community-representative study of 1420 children, who were assessed up to 8 times during childhood (ages 9–16; 6674 observations) about access to guns in their home.

read more about Childhood Gun Access, Adult Suicidality, and Crime
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Childhood Wealth Inequality in the United States: Implications for Social Stratification and Well-Being

Wealth inequality—the unequal distribution of assets and debts across a population—has reached historic levels in the United States, particularly for households with children.

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Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial

The Family Connects (FC) program, a community-wide nurse home visiting program for newborns, has been shown to provide benefits for children and families through the first 5 years of life.

read more about Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Behind the Findings: Policies that Contribute to Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Net Worth Poverty

This brief summarizes the findings from Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019 in the Journal of Marriage and the Family and offers historical context for U.S. policies that have contributed to racial and ethnic differences in net worth poverty in child households.

read more about Behind the Findings: Policies that Contribute to Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Net Worth Poverty
Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Book Chapter

Maternal Imprisonment and the Timing of Children’s Foster Care Involvement

Beth Gifford, Megan Golonka and Kelly Evans wrote a chapter of the book, Children with Incarceratead Mothers Separation, Loss, and Reunification. The chapter summarized findings of their study that examined the timing of mother’s incarceration in relation to her children’s involvement with social services, contributory factors leading to foster care placement, and foster care discharge outcomes.

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COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

Improving Access to Critical Nutrition Assistance Programs

Participants of the study pointed to a number of actionable recommendations to increase program participation and enhance the participant experience in the nutrition assistance programs SNAP and WIC: Federal and state WIC programs should strengthen vendor management to improve the shopping experience. State and local agencies should develop peer programs to educate WIC participants on…

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Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Impacts of Heightened Immigration Enforcement on U.S. Citizens’ Birth Outcomes

Key Takeaways: Harsher immigration law enforcement by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement leads to decreased use of prenatal care for foreign-born mothers and declines in birth weight. The uptick in ICE activities under the Trump administration may have long-lasting, harmful effects on U.S.-born citizens. Sheriffs and local governments should terminate their 287(g) agreements with ICE…

read more about Impacts of Heightened Immigration Enforcement on U.S. Citizens’ Birth Outcomes
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Lower neural value signaling in the prefrontal cortex is related to childhood family income and depressive symptomatology during adolescence

Lower family income during childhood is related to increased rates of adolescent depression, though the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.

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Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Clearing gang- and drug-involved nonfatal shootings

Clearance rates for nonfatal shootings, especially cases involving gang- and drug-related violence, are disturbingly low in many US cities.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Books

Parenting Across Cultures from Childhood to Adolescence: Development in Nine Countries

Edited by Jennifer Lansford and Drew Rothenberg with Marc Bornstein, this book shares findings from a study of parents and children in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand and the United States. Each chapter is authored by a contributor native to the country examined. Together, the chapters provide a global understanding of parenting across cultures.

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K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Do Teacher Assistants Improve Student Outcomes? Evidence From School Funding Cutbacks in North Carolina

This article examines the influence of teacher assistants and other personnel on outcomes for elementary school students during a period of recession-induced cutbacks in teacher assistants.

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Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Heightened immigration enforcement impacts US citizens’ birth outcomes: Evidence from early ICE interventions in North Carolina

We examine how increased Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) activities impacted newborn health and prenatal care utilization in North Carolina around the time Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act was first being implemented within the state.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Getting Tough? The Effects of Discretionary Principal Discipline on Student Outcomes

Nationwide, school principals are given wide discretion to use disciplinary tools like suspension and expulsion to create a safe learning environment.

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Early Care and Education
Policy Briefs

Promoting and Protecting Early Relational Health For Infants & Toddlers in Child Care

The science that informs best practice in early intervention, early childhood education, and early childhood mental health is clear: the most important resource infants and toddlers have is the relationships they develop with adult caregivers. For young children in child care programs, relationships with their teachers are a resource they depend on.

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K-12 Education
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Equity and Access in Gifted Education: An Examination within North Carolina

The disproportionality between the representation of white students and students of color in gifted education programs is both persistent and pervasive. Attempts over the years to remedy the issue have done little to narrow this disparity.

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Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Work Schedule Unpredictability: Daily Occurrence and Effects on Working Parents’ Well-Being

Family science has long considered the ways in which parents’ experiences in the workplace can affect families.

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COVID-19
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Social and Emotional Learning During COVID-19 and Beyond: Why It Matters and How to Support It

Social and emotional development was in peril prior to the pandemic. After this time apart, it will take systematic, intentional, and intensive efforts to get social and emotional learning back on track.

read more about Social and Emotional Learning During COVID-19 and Beyond: Why It Matters and How to Support It
K-12 Education
Race Equity
Journal Articles

School Segregation at the Classroom Level in a Southern ‘New Destination’ State

Using detailed administrative data for public schools, we document racial and ethnic segregation at the classroom level in North Carolina, a state that has experienced a sharp increase in Hispanic enrollment.

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Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Reimagining Policing: How Community-Led Interventions Can Improve Outcomes for Domestic Violence and Mental Health Calls

In response to police killings of Black people and the ensuing protests that took place in communities across the country in 2020, media coverage in North Carolina and in much of the nation this past year has focused heavily on instances of police violence and the protests and counterprotests that have since occurred throughout the…

read more about Reimagining Policing: How Community-Led Interventions Can Improve Outcomes for Domestic Violence and Mental Health Calls
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019

This study is the first to examine net worth poverty, and its intersection with income poverty, by race and ethnicity among child households in the United States.

read more about Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

Working Families’ Experiences of the Enduring COVID Crisis: Snapshot from Midsummer

Key Takeaways: Economic instability remains high among hourly service workers — from both job and household income loss. Food insecurity has increased significantly among working families. Safety net programs can help families maintain their incomes and reduce food insecurity, however benefits are not reaching everyone. Keeping vulnerable families afloat during the pandemic will require policymakers…

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Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Policy Briefs

Reframing Law Enforcement’s Approach to Domestic Violence Calls

The Duke University Center for Child and Family Policy partnered with the Durham Crisis Response Center, the Exchange Family Center, the Center for Child and Family Health, and the Durham County Department of Social Services to create the Durham Integrated Domestic Violence Response System (DIDVRS). DIDVRS is an evidence-based, community-led approach to more appropriately address…

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COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

COVID-19 and Parent-Child Psychological Well-being

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 has changed American society in ways that are difficult to capture in a timely manner.

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Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Brazil’s Missing Infants: Zika Risk Changes Reproductive Behavior

Zika virus epidemics have potential large-scale population effects. Controlled studies of mice and nonhuman primates indicate that Zika affects fecundity, raising concerns about miscarriage in human populations.

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Families and Parenting
Books

Families and Social Change in the Gulf Region

Over the last five decades, dramatic social changes have disrupted established patterns of family life and human development in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. This book examines the role of these changes, such as urbanization, educational progress, emigration, and globalization, and describes their implications for Gulf families.

read more about Families and Social Change in the Gulf Region
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Reports

Learning from Pre-K Teachers

During the spring of 2020, a statewide survey was undertaken to understand how early childhood educators sought to navigate the transition to remote learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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COVID-19
K-12 Education
Policy Briefs

Connecting with K-12 Students During COVID-19: Findings and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers

This brief uses data from a survey of educators in nine districts participating in the North Carolina Resilience and Learning Project on the challenges of remote learning and education during the COVID-19 pandemic. It offers recommendations for improving educational equity during remote learning, addressing the following areas: technology access, availability of adult support, student well-being,…

read more about Connecting with K-12 Students During COVID-19: Findings and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers
COVID-19
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

K-12 Social-Emotional Support During COVID-19: Reflections and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers

This Brief Will Cover Emotional and Mental Health Support for Teachers. Survey data from N.C. teachers on their concerns about returning to school in the fall. Recommended strategies for helping school administrators promote wellness among school staff upon their return. Re-envisioning the Way Students and Schools Interact. Recommended practices for promoting relationship building among teachers,…

read more about K-12 Social-Emotional Support During COVID-19: Reflections and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

“New Normal” for Children and Families: Developing a Universal Approach with a Focus on Equity

This brief provides an overview of the various channels through which COVID-19 has affected the lives of children and families, and proposes 4 key actions to help communities heal and build stronger, equitable systems: Create a “new” public health system centered upon a universal approach to care with a focus on equity. Invest in early…

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COVID-19
K-12 Education
Policy Briefs

Lessons Learned about Online Schooling for Young Children from K-1 Classroom and ESL Teachers

This brief provides an overview of lessons learned about online schooling for young children during the COVID-19 pandemic from K-1 classroom and ESL teachers, and 5 recommendations for how to support the continuation of online learning into the next school year.

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COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

The Added Benefit of North Carolina’s Evictions Moratorium: Protecting Vulnerable Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Key Takeaways: Government officials halted housing evictions in North Carolina as a response to the COVID-19 crisis. We analyze administrative data on evictions from the N.C. Administrative Office of the Courts and on public school children in Durham to identify characteristics of children who experience eviction. Our analysis shows that an additional benefit of the…

read more about The Added Benefit of North Carolina’s Evictions Moratorium: Protecting Vulnerable Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Child Welfare
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Book Chapter

North Carolina Resilience and Learning Project

Katie Rosanbalm wrote the opening chapter of a book entitled, Alleviating the Educational Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences. The book is a collection of approaches to trauma-informed education based on school-university-community collaborations. Rosanbalm’s chapter summarizes the literature on why trauma-informed strategies are important to academic success and describes the specifics of the Resilience and Learning Model. It concludes with preliminary qualitative findings from pilot schools.

read more about North Carolina Resilience and Learning Project
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Reports

NC Pre-K Remote Learning Survey Results | COVID-19 Response

Children’s earliest experiences shape their brain’s architecture and create the foundation for healthy development and future learning. High-quality early learning environments support children in meeting critical developmental milestones, and children who attend high-quality early education programs are better prepared for success in school — academically, socially and emotionally.

read more about NC Pre-K Remote Learning Survey Results | COVID-19 Response
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Ensuring Vulnerable Children and Families Have Access to Needed Health Services and Supports During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This policy brief focuses on how necessary responses to the COVID-19 pandemic alter the health and social service landscape for children and families, particularly those who were already vulnerable, and offers policy guidance.

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COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Policy Briefs

Strategies to Support the Well-Being of Essential Child Care Staff and Young Children During COVID-19

Inside: Protecting the Physical Well-Being of Essential Child Care Providers and Young Children Supporting the Social-Emotional Well-Being of Essential Child Care Providers and Young Children Caring for Older Children Supporting Child Care Administrators Whose Facilities are Staying Open to Meet Essential Needs

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COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Devastating Impact of COVID Crisis on Working Families

This brief provides an overview of key ways in which COVID-19 has impacted working families, as drawn from our study’s survey analysis. 1. Drastic Reductions in Work Hours and Increase in Job Loss 2. Harmed Well-Being of Both Parents and Their Children 3. Policy Supports Not Reaching Families 4. Employer-Provided Benefits Reaching Some Families

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Child Welfare
Journal Articles

Mothers and fathers in the criminal justice system and children’s child protective services involvement

Parents charged with a criminal offense had higher rates of having a child protective services (CPS) assessment/investigation during the three years preceding the charge than parents who were not charged. Changing parental incarceration rates would change CPS caseloads substantially.

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Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Gender Differences in the Impact of North Carolina’s Early Care and Education Initiatives on Student Outcomes in Elementary School

Based on growing evidence of the long-term benefits of enriched early childhood experiences, we evaluate the potential for addressing gender disparities in elementary school through early care and education programs.

read more about Gender Differences in the Impact of North Carolina’s Early Care and Education Initiatives on Student Outcomes in Elementary School
Child Welfare
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Books

State of Empowerment: Low-Income Families and the New Welfare State

Carolyn Barnes uses ethnographic accounts of three organizations to reveal how interacting with government-funded after-school programs can enhance the civic and political lives of low-income citizens.

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Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Mothers’ and Fathers’ Time Spent with Children in the U.S.: Variations by Race/Ethnicity Within Income from 2003 to 2013

Using data from the American Time Use Survey, we examine the empirically underexplored ways in which racial and ethnic identity shapes parental time use.

read more about Mothers’ and Fathers’ Time Spent with Children in the U.S.: Variations by Race/Ethnicity Within Income from 2003 to 2013
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Agricultural Fires and Health at Birth

Fire has long served as a tool in agriculture, but the practice’s link with economic activity has made its health consequences difficult to study.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Raising the bar for college admission: North Carolina’s increase in minimum math course requirements

Charles T. Clotfelter, Steven W. Hemelt, Helen F. Ladd Education Finance and Policy (2019) 14 (3): 492–521. https://doi.org/10.1162/edfp_a_00258

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Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Bringing Organizations Back In: Multilevel Feedback Effects on Individual Civic Inclusion

Policy feedback scholarship has focused on how laws and their implementation affect either organizations (e.g., their resources, priorities, political opportunities, or incentive structures) or individuals (e.g., their civic skills and resources or their psychological orientations toward the state).

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K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Professionals, friends, and confidants: After-school staff as social support to low-income parents

Policy makers, practitioners, and researchers have emphasized the importance of supportive relationships between staff and parents in early childhood education settings and schools.

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Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

WIC Recipients in the Retail Environment: A Qualitative Study Assessing Customer Experience and Satisfaction

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program is an important intervention for prevention and treatment of obesity and food insecurity, but participation has dropped among eligible populations from 2009 to 2015.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Impact of a Neuroscience-Based Health Education Course on High School Students’ Health Knowledge, Beliefs, and Behaviors.

The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the potential of an innovative high school neuroscience-based health course for implementation feasibility and impact on student outcomes.

read more about Impact of a Neuroscience-Based Health Education Course on High School Students’ Health Knowledge, Beliefs, and Behaviors.
Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Predicting Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood

Saint-Eloi Cadely et al. found longitudinal patterns for the perpetration of both psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV), including actively and minimally aggressive patterns.

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Child Welfare
Reports

Where Does the Money Go

This report provides a comprehensive look at 2014 social spending by the federal government on children ages 0-8 and breaks down program spending by family income.

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K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Improving Young English Learners’ Language and Literacy Skills Through Teacher Professional Development: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Using a randomized controlled trial, we tested a new teacher professional development program for increasing the language and literacy skills of young Latino English learners with 45 teachers and 105 students in 12 elementary schools.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Multifaceted Aid for Low-Income Students and College Outcomes: Evidence From North Carolina

We study the evolution of a campus-based aid program for low-income students that began with grant-heavy financial aid and later added a suite of nonfinancial supports.

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Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School

North Carolina’s Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61% non-Latinx White, 30% African American, 4% Latinx, 5% other).

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Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Evaluation of a Public Awareness Campaign to Prevent High School Dropout

Many advocacy organizations devote time and resources to increasing community awareness and educating the public in an effort to gain support for their issue.

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Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Initiatives on Special Education Placements in Third Grade

This study examines the community-wide effects of investments in two early childhood initiatives in North Carolina (Smart Start and More at Four) on the likelihood of a student being placed into special education.

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Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress Report 2: A Review of Ecological, Biological, and Developmental Studies of Self-Regulation and Stress

This report builds on the previous report in this series, Foundations for Understanding Self-Regulation from an Applied Developmental Perspective, which describes a theoretical framework that is utilized in the present review of empirical ecological, biological, and developmental studies.

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Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress Report 1: Foundations for Understanding Self-Regulation from an Applied Perspective

This is the first in a series of four inter-related reports titled Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress, with subtitles specifying the focus of each report.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Substance Use and Abuse in Durham County 2014

According to the North Carolina (N.C.) Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities and Substance Abuse Services, approximately 18,000 adults and 1,000 children in Durham County abused or were addicted to illegal drugs, prescription medications, or alcohol in 2012(1). Substance abuse not only impacts the individual and his/her family, but also the community.

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K-12 Education
Reports

Attendance in Durham Primary Schools

This memo examines recent data from Durham Public Schools related to student absenteeism. This memo examines four related issues surrounding absenteeism: Description of student absenteeism by grade-level Persistence of truancy from one year to the next The association between truancy and grade retention, and The overlap between absenteeism and tardies.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Mental Health Outreach Program (MHOP) Evaluation Report

This report summarizes preliminary findings associated with the MHOP program that began in Durham County in January of 2011.

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Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Reports

America’s Promise Alliance: 10 Indicators of Academic Achievement and Youth Success

Approximately one quarter of U.S. students do not graduate from high school with their peers. Failing to complete high school severely limits opportunities for employment and future financial stability. High school dropouts earn lower wages through their lifetime and work for fewer years.1 The costs to society of high school dropouts are also high and…

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K-12 Education
Reports

Final Report to the Spencer Foundation

In 2009, the Spencer Foundation renewed its generous support of the Data Center with an additional two years of funding. In addition, Duke University and the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction have continued to support the Data Center through the collaborative relationship established in the current Memorandum of Understanding between the two institutions.

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K-12 Education
Reports

Evaluation of the HillRAP Intervention in Davie County Middle Schools 2008-2010

This report presents the final findings for a two-year evaluation of the Hill Center Reading Achievement Program (HillRAP) as implemented in a middle school setting from September 2008 to June 2010. The Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University conducted this evaluation in collaboration with the Davie County Public Schools and the Mebane…

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Child Welfare
Policy Briefs

Multiple Response System and System of Care: Two Policy Reforms Designed to Improve The Child Welfare System

Child abuse and neglect is a serious problem in the United States. From 2004 to 2005 the number of substantiated reports of maltreatment increased by 27,000 cases from 872,000 to 899,000.

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Child Welfare
Reports

Multiple Response System (MRS) Evaluation Report to the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS) 2006

At the request of the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS), the Center for Child and Family Policy at The Terry Sanford Institute at Duke University evaluated the Multiple Response System (MRS) reform for families reported to child welfare in 10 MRS pilot counties.

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Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Substance Use and Abuse in Durham County 2006

The impact of substance use and addiction surrounds us and affects every aspect of our Durham community.

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Child Welfare
Reports

Multiple Response System (MRS) Evaluation Report to the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS) 2004

In response to a request from the North Carolina Division of Social Services (DSS),Center for Child and Family Policy at The Terry Sanford Institute at Duke University evaluated the Multiple Response System reform for families reported for child maltreatment.

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