Research

Resources

K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Working Papers

School-Based Healthcare and Absenteeism: Evidence from Telemedicine

School-based telemedicine clinics (SBTCs) provide students with access to healthcare during the regular school day through private videoconferencing with a healthcare provider. SBTC access reduces the likelihood that a student is chronically absent and reduces the number of days absent.

read more about School-Based Healthcare and Absenteeism: Evidence from Telemedicine
Race Equity
Book Chapter

The Utility of Critical Race Mixed Methodology: An Explanatory Sequential Example

In their chapter, The Utility of Critical Race Mixed Methodology: An Explanatory Sequential Example, in Advancing Culturally Responsive Research and Researchers, Whitney McCoy and co-authors explore the combining of mixed methodology and critical race theory (CRT) through the explaining of Critical Race Mixed Methodology (CRMM).

read more about The Utility of Critical Race Mixed Methodology: An Explanatory Sequential Example
Families and Parenting
Book Chapter

The Parenting of Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States

In the APA Handbook of Adolescent and Young Adult Development, Drew Rothenberg and co-authors focus on the parenting of adolescents and young adults in the United States. First considering some of the sociodemographic trends that are reshaping families, then examining classic social learning and behavioral approaches to conceptualizing the parenting of adolescents as well as family systems approaches.

read more about The Parenting of Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Book Chapter

An International Perspective on Parenting and Family Influences on Adolescents and Young Adults

In the APA Handbook of Adolescent and Young Adult Development, Jen Lansford and co-authors discuss how parents and their adolescent and young adult offspring observe and participate in parent–offspring interactions in their communities and hold expectations about their own relationships derived in part from culturally shaped expectations.

read more about An International Perspective on Parenting and Family Influences on Adolescents and Young Adults
Adolescence to Adulthood
Child Welfare
Journal Articles

State-Level Legal and Sociodemographic Correlates of Child Marriage Rates in the United States

Although there is a breadth of knowledge on child marriage in many low- and middle-income countries, little research and policy discussion exists surrounding child marriage within the United States. Using administrative data from several sources, this study examines how a range of different state-level variables, including political lean, academic performance, median household income, religiosity, population density, minimum age requirements and other state laws, such as parental and judicial consent, and median distance to an abortion clinic are related to variation in child marriage rates across states.

read more about State-Level Legal and Sociodemographic Correlates of Child Marriage Rates in the United States
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

The HOME-21: A Revised Measure of the Home Environment for the 21st Century Tested in Two Independent Samples

To reflect historical changes in family composition, gender roles and division of childcare, norms about the acceptability of different forms of discipline, and the digital environment in which children live, this report presents the HOME-21, a revised version of the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment–Short Form, which has been the most widely used measure of children’s home environments for decades.

read more about The HOME-21: A Revised Measure of the Home Environment for the 21st Century Tested in Two Independent Samples
Families and Parenting
Videos

Why Are My Parents So Annoying?

CrowdScience listener Ilixo, age 11, has been wondering why it is that our parents become so annoying as we become teenagers. Is it something that is changing in his brain or are they actually becoming more annoying as they age? Presenter Marnie Chesterton consults our assembled panel of experts, including Jennifer Lansford, a Research Professor at Duke University who studies parenting and child development.

read more about Why Are My Parents So Annoying?
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Predicting Child Aggression: The Role of Parent and Child Endorsement of Reactive Aggression Across 13 Cultural Groups in 9 Nations

Parent and child endorsement of reactive aggression both predict the emergence of child aggression, but they are rarely studied together and in longitudinal contexts. The present study does so by examining the unique predictive effects of parent and child endorsement of reactive aggression at age 8 on child aggression at age 9 in 1456 children from 13 cultural groups in 9 nations.

read more about Predicting Child Aggression: The Role of Parent and Child Endorsement of Reactive Aggression Across 13 Cultural Groups in 9 Nations
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Research Brief

Practitioners in North Carolina’s TANF and Related Income Assistance Programs Offer Perspectives on Latino Families’ Experiences

This brief is part of a series to examine state-level policies that relate to social service and safety net programs and the ways in which state and federal policy implementation at the local level may affect the reach of program benefits among Latino families.

read more about Practitioners in North Carolina’s TANF and Related Income Assistance Programs Offer Perspectives on Latino Families’ Experiences
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Earned Income Tax Credit Receipt By Hispanic Families With Children: State Outreach And Demographic Factors

In this study, researchers found that states’ granting of drivers’ licenses to undocumented people, availability of government information in Spanish, and employer mandates to inform employees were associated with higher EITC receipt among Hispanic families. These findings showcase ways in which information and outreach at the state level can support the equitable receipt of tax refunds and similar types of benefits distributed through the tax system.

read more about Earned Income Tax Credit Receipt By Hispanic Families With Children: State Outreach And Demographic Factors
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Parents as Earners: What Parental Work Means for Parenting and the Role of Public Policy

Lisa Gennetian and Anna Gassman-Pines’ chapter in The Cambridge Handbook of Parenting focuses on families with young children age 0-5 and considers the context of work and employment for parents, the role of child care and early education as supports for working parents, and the theoretical and empirical linkages between parents’ work contexts and parenting.

read more about Parents as Earners: What Parental Work Means for Parenting and the Role of Public Policy
Families and Parenting
Book Chapter

Discipline and Punishment in Child Development

Jen Lansford’s chapter in The Cambridge Handbook of Parenting provides an overview of parents’ discipline and punishment in relation to child development.

read more about Discipline and Punishment in Child Development
K-12 Education
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Teacher Workforce Diversity: Why It Matters for Student Outcomes

Increasing the racial and ethnic diversity of educators serving students in our public schools is a promising strategy that is vastly underutilized. The research has repeatedly shown the importance of a diverse teacher workforce. However, the path to increase diversity of educators is complex and will take significant efforts and investments by policymakers and advocates to accomplish.

read more about Teacher Workforce Diversity: Why It Matters for Student Outcomes
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Familial Deaths and First Birth

Motivated by the rise in premature mortality among working-age adults, we examine the association between adult familial deaths and the transition to motherhood. Although many deaths can be disruptive, deaths that occur sooner than expected and to certain family members (e.g., mothers) may prompt changes in resources, time available for parenting, or psychological understandings in ways that change fertility behavior.

read more about Familial Deaths and First Birth
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

How Charter Schools Undermine Good Education Policymaking

In this policy memo, Ladd argues that charter schools disrupt four core goals of education policy in the United States, namely: 1) establishing coherent systems of schools, 2) attending to child poverty and disadvantage, 3) limiting racial segregation and isolation, and 4) ensuring that public funds are spent wisely. Ladd offers policy recommendations to better meet these challenges.

read more about How Charter Schools Undermine Good Education Policymaking
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Pandemic-Era Unemployment Insurance Access: Implications For Health And Well-Being

During the COVID-19 pandemic, workers not identifying as White non-Hispanic in our sample were more likely to get laid off than White workers. However, these workers were less likely than White workers to receive unemployment insurance at all. Among those who were laid off, these workers and White workers experienced similar increases in material and mental health difficulties and similar gains when they received unemployment insurance.

read more about Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Pandemic-Era Unemployment Insurance Access: Implications For Health And Well-Being
Child Welfare
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Do children evaluated for maltreatment have higher subsequent emergency department and inpatient care utilization compared to a general pediatric sample?

This article presents data on the positive association of having a child maltreatment evaluation with subsequent acute health care utilization among children from birth to age three.

read more about Do children evaluated for maltreatment have higher subsequent emergency department and inpatient care utilization compared to a general pediatric sample?
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

‘I don’t know nothing about that’: How “Learning Costs” Undermine COVID-Related Efforts to Make SNAP and WIC More Accessible.

Scholars have focused on administrative burden or the costs of claiming public benefits. Learning, psychological, and compliance costs can discourage program participation and benefit redemption. Although policy changes during COVID-19 were poised to reduce compliance costs and ease conditions that create redemption costs in each program, the learning costs of policy changes prevented many program participants from experiencing the benefits of these policy transformations.

read more about ‘I don’t know nothing about that’: How “Learning Costs” Undermine COVID-Related Efforts to Make SNAP and WIC More Accessible.
K-12 Education
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Identifying Barriers to Recruiting and Retaining a Diverse Teacher Workforce

A diverse teacher workforce has the potential to improve outcomes for all students, and especially for students of color. While North Carolina clearly recognizes the importance of increasing diversity in the workforce – and despite national and local efforts from school districts and policy makers – the teaching workforce remains largely white and female, even as the students they serve become increasingly diverse, widening the racial gap between teachers and students.

read more about Identifying Barriers to Recruiting and Retaining a Diverse Teacher Workforce
Child Welfare
Journal Articles

What Do Child Abuse and Neglect Medical Evaluation Consultation Notes Tell Researchers and Clinicians?

Child abuse and neglect medical experts provide care to children when there is concern for maltreatment. Their clinical notes contain valuable information. This article includes the results of creating and implemented a coding system for data abstraction from these notes.

read more about What Do Child Abuse and Neglect Medical Evaluation Consultation Notes Tell Researchers and Clinicians?
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Can Community Crime Monitoring Reduce Student Absenteeism?

This article examines the impact on student absenteeism of a large, school-based community crime monitoring program that employed local community members to monitor and report crime on designated city blocks during times when students traveled to and from school. The authors find that the program resulted in a 0.58 percentage point (8.5 percent) reduction in the elementary school-level absence rate in the years following initial implementation.

read more about Can Community Crime Monitoring Reduce Student Absenteeism?
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Comprehensive Support and Student Success: Can Out of School Time Make a Difference?

The author investigates the effects of a multiyear program, StudentU, on the early high school outcomes of participating students by exploiting data from oversubscribed admissions lotteries. Results suggest that comprehensive services delivered outside of the regular school day have the potential to improve the educational outcomes of disadvantaged students.

read more about Comprehensive Support and Student Success: Can Out of School Time Make a Difference?
Adolescence to Adulthood
Journal Articles

Gun violence among young adults with a juvenile crime record in North Carolina: Implications for firearm restrictions based on age and risk

The prevalence of arrests for crimes involving guns among young adults in North Carolina with a gun-disqualifying felony record acquired before age 18 suggests that the federal gun prohibitor conferred by a felony record is not highly effective as currently implemented in this population. From a risk-based perspective, these restrictions appear to be justified; better implementation and enforcement may improve their effectiveness.

read more about Gun violence among young adults with a juvenile crime record in North Carolina: Implications for firearm restrictions based on age and risk
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Book Chapter

Child Growth, National Development, and Early Childhood Development in 51 Low-and Middle-Income Countries

In Parenting and Child Development in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Drew Rothenberg and Susannah Zietz’s chapter, Child Growth, National Development, and Early Childhood Development in 51 Low-and Middle-Income Countries, considers the effects of multiple bioecological systems on child growth and development.

read more about Child Growth, National Development, and Early Childhood Development in 51 Low-and Middle-Income Countries
Families and Parenting
Book Chapter

Parent Discipline and Violence, National Development, and Early Childhood Development in 51 Low-and Middle-Income Countries

In Parenting and Child Development in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Jennifer Lansford, Drew Rothenberg and Kirby Deater-Deckard’s chapter, Parent Discipline and Violence, National Development, and Early Childhood Development in 51 Low- and Middle-Income Countries, focuses on nonviolent discipline, psychological aggression, and physical violence in relation to specific domains of early childhood development.

read more about Parent Discipline and Violence, National Development, and Early Childhood Development in 51 Low-and Middle-Income Countries
Families and Parenting
Book Chapter

Predictors of Early Childhood Development

In Parenting and Child Development in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Drew Rothenberg and co-authors chapter, Predictors of Early Childhood Development, analyzes how the representations of different process, person, and context systems fare relative to one another in predicting the early childhood development outcomes

read more about Predictors of Early Childhood Development
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Net Worth Poverty and Child Development

These findings provide evidence that net worth poverty has negative associations with children’s development. Net worth poverty predicts lower reading and applied problem scores and increased behavioral problems.

read more about Net Worth Poverty and Child Development
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Net Worth Poverty and Child Development

This study provides evidence that net worth poverty has negative associations with children’s development.

read more about Net Worth Poverty and Child Development
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Impact of a Universal Perinatal Home-Visiting Program on Reduction in Race Disparities in Maternal and Child Health

This study demonstrates that a universal approach to early family intervention can have positive population impact while also reducing disparities in outcomes.

read more about Impact of a Universal Perinatal Home-Visiting Program on Reduction in Race Disparities in Maternal and Child Health
COVID-19
K-12 Education
Race Equity
Book Chapter

Latinx Immigrant Parents and Their Children in Times of COVID-19: Facing Inequities Together in the “Mexican Room” of the New Latino South

In their chapter, Latinx Immigrant Parents and Their Children in Times of COVID-19: Facing Inequities Together in the “Mexican Room” of the New Latino South, in The Pandemic Divide: How Covid Increased Inequality in America, Leslie Babinski and co-authors outline the state of affairs for Latinx families in the southeastern US in times of Covid-19 and to situate what is happening within the broader experiences of Latinx communities in the US.

read more about Latinx Immigrant Parents and Their Children in Times of COVID-19: Facing Inequities Together in the “Mexican Room” of the New Latino South
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

Measuring Educational Opportunity in North Carolina Public School Districts

This research brief examines two measures of educational opportunity in North Carolina public school districts, average achievement and achievement growth. The first measure— average achievement—indexes the average level of student achievement at a single point in time. The second measure—achievement growth—indexes the rate of growth in student achievement over time.

read more about Measuring Educational Opportunity in North Carolina Public School Districts
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Case Positivity and Social Context: The Role of Housing, Neighborhood, and Health Insurance

This paper analyzed how housing, neighborhood, and health insurance explain disparities in case positivity between and within racial-ethnic groups in Durham County, North Carolina, finding that housing, neighborhood, and health insurance had a significant role in producing racial-ethnic disparities in COVID-19 case positivity.

read more about Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Case Positivity and Social Context: The Role of Housing, Neighborhood, and Health Insurance
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

When Does Crime Respond to Punishment?: Evidence from Drug-Free School Zones

Economic theory suggests that crime should respond to punishment severity. Using increases in punishment severity in drug-free school zones along with changes in the probability of detection resulting from a community crime-monitoring program, we demonstrate that drug-related crime drops in blocks just within the drug-free school zones, where punishments are more severe, but only if the monitoring intensity–and hence the probability of detection–is at intermediate levels.

read more about When Does Crime Respond to Punishment?: Evidence from Drug-Free School Zones
Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Predictors of Problematic Adult Alcohol, Cannabis, and Other Substance Use: A Longitudinal Study of Two Samples

This study examined whether a key set of adolescent and early adulthood risk factors predicts problematic alcohol, cannabis, and other substance use in established adulthood. Externalizing behaviors and prior substance use in early adulthood were consistent predictors of problematic alcohol and cannabis misuse in established adulthood across samples.

read more about Predictors of Problematic Adult Alcohol, Cannabis, and Other Substance Use: A Longitudinal Study of Two Samples
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Working Papers

Unconditional Cash and Family Investments in Infants: Evidence from a Large-Scale Cash Transfer Experiment in the U.S.

A key policy question in evaluating social programs to address childhood poverty is how families receiving unconditional financial support would spend those funds. Economists have limited empirical evidence on this topic in the U.S. We find that the cash transfers increased spending on child-specific goods and mothers’ early-learning activities with their infants.

read more about Unconditional Cash and Family Investments in Infants: Evidence from a Large-Scale Cash Transfer Experiment in the U.S.
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Effect of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the COVID-19 Pandemic on Child Behavior Problems

The COVID-19 pandemic profoundly affected American families and children, including through the closure or change in the nature of their care and school settings. For all families, care or school disruptions were related to worse child behavior, more negative parental mood, and increased likelihood of losing temper and punishment.

read more about Effect of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the COVID-19 Pandemic on Child Behavior Problems
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

The Effects of the Emeryville Fair Workweek Ordinance on the Daily Lives of Low-Wage Workers and Their Families

Emeryville, California’s Fair Workweek Ordinance (FWO) aimed to reduce service workers’ schedule unpredictability by requiring large retail and food service employers to provide advanced notice of schedules and to compensate workers for last-minute schedule changes. The FWO decreased working parents’ schedule unpredictability and improved their well-being, decreased parents’ days worked while increasing hours per work day, and parent well-being improved.

read more about The Effects of the Emeryville Fair Workweek Ordinance on the Daily Lives of Low-Wage Workers and Their Families
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial

This study examined whether the childhood intervention program called Fast Track improves family life into the second generation.

read more about Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Compliance with Health Recommendations and Vaccine Hesitancy During the COVID Pandemic in Nine Countries

Longitudinal data from the Parenting Across Cultures study of children, mothers, and fathers in 12 cultural groups in nine countries were used to understand predictors of compliance with COVID-19 mitigation strategies and vaccine hesitancy. Findings suggest the importance of bolstering confidence in government responses to future human ecosystem disruptions, perhaps through consistent, clear, non-partisan messaging and transparency in acknowledging limitations and admitting mistakes to inspire compliance with government and public health recommendations.

read more about Compliance with Health Recommendations and Vaccine Hesitancy During the COVID Pandemic in Nine Countries
Poverty and Inequality
Reports

Three Reasons Why Providing Cash to Families With Children Is a Sound Policy Investment

This paper, co-authored by Lisa Gennetian, provides three reasons why giving cash to families with low incomes is a sound policy investment for families and children. (It focuses on why cash is important, not which policy option is the optimal mechanism for distributing cash to families.)

read more about Three Reasons Why Providing Cash to Families With Children Is a Sound Policy Investment
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Marriage, Kids, and the Picket Fence? Household Type and Wealth among U.S. Households, 1989 to 2019

Researchers examine net worth by the intersection of gender, parental, and relationship status during a period of increasing wealth inequality and family diversification using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances from 1989 through 2019. Despite changing social selection into marriage and parenthood, married parents consistently held a wealth advantage over demographically similar adults in other household types.

read more about Marriage, Kids, and the Picket Fence? Household Type and Wealth among U.S. Households, 1989 to 2019
Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Behavioral Economics & Child and Family Policy: A Research Primer

Behavioral economics (BE) combines economics with social psychology and cognitive decision-making to offer a broader framework for understanding factors that affect people’s decisions and actions. It provides a way to examine how decisions can be shaped not only by information and costs but by how choices are designed, as well as the context and circumstances of the moment in which decisions are made.

read more about Behavioral Economics & Child and Family Policy: A Research Primer
Adolescence to Adulthood
Journal Articles

Adult Criminal Outcomes of Juvenile Justice Involvement.

Juvenile justice involvement was associated with increased risk of adult criminality, with residential services associated with highest risk. Juvenile justice involvement may catalyze rather than deter from adult offending.

read more about Adult Criminal Outcomes of Juvenile Justice Involvement.
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Are Power Plant Closures a Breath of Fresh Air? Local Air Quality and School Absences

In this paper the authors study the effects of three large, nearly-simultaneous coal-fired power plant closures on school absences in Chicago. They find that the closures resulted in a 6 percent reduction in absenteeism in nearby schools relative to those farther away following the closures.

read more about Are Power Plant Closures a Breath of Fresh Air? Local Air Quality and School Absences
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Adolescent Positivity and Future Orientation, Parental Psychological Control, and Young Adult Internalising Behaviours during COVID-19 in Nine Countries

This study investigated associations between COVID-19-related disruption and perception of increases in internalising symptoms among young adults and whether these associations were moderated by earlier measures of adolescent positivity and future orientation and parental psychological control.

read more about Adolescent Positivity and Future Orientation, Parental Psychological Control, and Young Adult Internalising Behaviours during COVID-19 in Nine Countries
Child Welfare
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Electronic Health Record Tools to Identify Child Maltreatment: Scoping Literature Review and Key Informant Interviews

We conducted a scoping literature review and key informant interviews of child maltreatment experts to (1) document the existing research evidence on the performance of EHR-based child abuse screens (EHR-CA-S) and clinical decision support systems (EHR-CA-CDSS )and (2) examine clinical perspectives regarding the use of such tools and factors that affect uptake. We find that current evidence does not support adoption of a particular CA-S or CA-CDSS and that further refinement of these tools is necessary.

read more about Electronic Health Record Tools to Identify Child Maltreatment: Scoping Literature Review and Key Informant Interviews
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

The impact of a poverty reduction intervention on infant brain activity

Data from the Baby’s First Years study, a randomized control trial, show that a predictable, monthly unconditional cash transfer given to low-income families may have a causal impact on infant brain activity.

read more about The impact of a poverty reduction intervention on infant brain activity
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Working Papers

Effects of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the Covid-19 Pandemic on Child Mental Health

The pandemic profoundly affected American children with disruptions to their schooling and daily care. A new study found that service sector workers who had a young child reported disruption on 24 percent of days in fall 2020. The disruptions were more common in remote learning and had a negative impact on children’s behavior and on parenting mood and behavior.

read more about Effects of Daily School and Care Disruptions During the Covid-19 Pandemic on Child Mental Health
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity

In this paper, we analyze program activity for Family Connects (FC), an evidencebased postpartum home-visiting intervention, during the COVID-19 pandemic. When the pandemic began, FC transitioned to a virtual protocol which maintains key psychosocial components of the in-person protocol and adjusts health assessments to address the lack of in-person contact.

read more about Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects

Early reports highlighted challenges in delivering home visiting programs virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic but the extent of the changes in program implementation and their implications remains unknown. We examine program activity and families’ perceptions of virtual home visiting during the first nine months of the pandemic using implementation data for Family Connects (FC), an evidence-based and MIECHV-eligible, postpartum nurse home visiting program.

read more about Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties

Home visiting is a popular approach to improving the health and well-being of families with infants and young children in the United States; but, to date, no home visiting program has achieved population impact for families in rural communities. The current report includes evaluation results from the dissemination of a brief, universal postpartum home visiting program to four high-poverty rural counties.

read more about Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

The Intergenerational Transmission of Maladaptive Parenting and its Impact on Child Mental Health: Examining Cross-Cultural Mediating Pathways and Moderating Protective Factors

Using a sample of 1338 families from 12 cultural groups in 9 nations, we examined whether retrospectively remembered Generation 1 (G1) parent rejecting behaviors were passed to Generation 2 (G2 parents), whether such intergenerational transmission led to higher Generation 3 (G3 child) externalizing and internalizing behavior at age 13, and whether such intergenerational transmission could be interrupted by parent participation in parenting programs or family income increases of > 5%.

read more about The Intergenerational Transmission of Maladaptive Parenting and its Impact on Child Mental Health: Examining Cross-Cultural Mediating Pathways and Moderating Protective Factors
Adolescence to Adulthood
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Pre-Pandemic Psychological and Behavioral Predictors of Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nine Countries

Across countries, adolescents’ internalizing problems pre-pandemic predicted increased internalizing during the pandemic, and poorer well-being pre-pandemic predicted increased externalizing and substance use during the pandemic.

read more about Pre-Pandemic Psychological and Behavioral Predictors of Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nine Countries
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Culture and Social Change in Mothers’ and Fathers’ Individualism, Collectivism and Parenting Attitudes

Historically, individualism vs. collectivism has been a main organizing framework for understanding cultural differences in family life. This study examines parents in nine countries to understand their individualism, collectivism and parenting attitudes. They found parenting attitudes are predicted by a range of sociodemographic factors.

read more about Culture and Social Change in Mothers’ and Fathers’ Individualism, Collectivism and Parenting Attitudes
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Parent–adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers’ and young adults’ adjustment in five countries.

This study capitalizes on a longitudinal, cross-national study of parenting, adolescent development, and young adult competence to document the association between personal disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic and reported changes in internalizing and externalizing behavior in young adults and their mothers since the pandemic began.

read more about Parent–adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers’ and young adults’ adjustment in five countries.
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Policy Briefs

The Benefits of Early Childhood Education Can Persist in the Long Run

This brief examines how the benefits of high-quality ECE might simultaneously diminish and persist in the long run. Strategies are then discussed to sustain the impacts of ECE during elementary school.

read more about The Benefits of Early Childhood Education Can Persist in the Long Run
Adolescence to Adulthood
COVID-19
Journal Articles

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol and illicit substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents was investigated through two studies with five samples from independent ongoing U.S. longitudinal studies.

read more about Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents
Child Welfare
Journal Articles

Text-Based Crisis Service Users’ Perceptions of Seeking Child Maltreatment-Related Support From Formal Systems

Many young people were hesitant to reach out to formal systems in the future, in part because of negative experiences during past disclosure experiences. Young people may be more likely to seek support through their preferred communication medium, so providing text- and chat-based communication may be one way to encourage and facilitate disclosure.

read more about Text-Based Crisis Service Users’ Perceptions of Seeking Child Maltreatment-Related Support From Formal Systems
Early Care and Education
Families and Parenting
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Light-touch design enhancements can boost parent engagement in math activities

Early proficiency in math skills is increasingly being seen as an independent area worthy of early curriculum development and policy investment to reduce socioeconomic disparities in children’s school readiness.

read more about Light-touch design enhancements can boost parent engagement in math activities
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Understanding Patterns of Food Insecurity and Family Well-Being Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Daily Surveys

This paper investigates economic and psychological hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic among a diverse sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged parents and their elementary school-aged children. Longitudinal models revealed that food insecurity, negative parent and child mood, and child misbehavior significantly increased when schools closed; only food insecurity and parent depression later decreased.

read more about Understanding Patterns of Food Insecurity and Family Well-Being Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Daily Surveys
Adolescence to Adulthood
Journal Articles

Development of individuals’ own and perceptions of peers’ substance use from early adolescence to adulthood

This study evaluated how individuals’ own substance use and their perception of peers’ substance use predict each other across development from early adolescence to middle adulthood.

read more about Development of individuals’ own and perceptions of peers’ substance use from early adolescence to adulthood
Poverty and Inequality
Book Chapter

Increasing Instability and Uncertainty among American Workers Implications for Inequality and Potential Policy Solutions

Anna Gassman Pines, Elizabeth Ananat, and Yulya Trushinovsky wrote a chapter in the book Who Gets What? The New Politics of Insecurity. In the chapter, they identify how recent trends combine to increase instability and uncertainty among low-wage workers, discuss the effects of instability and uncertainty on workers and families, and consider potential policy solutions.

read more about Increasing Instability and Uncertainty among American Workers Implications for Inequality and Potential Policy Solutions
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Childhood Gun Access, Adult Suicidality, and Crime

Analyses were based on a 20+ year prospective, community-representative study of 1420 children, who were assessed up to 8 times during childhood (ages 9–16; 6674 observations) about access to guns in their home.

read more about Childhood Gun Access, Adult Suicidality, and Crime
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

“It Was Actually Pretty Easy”: COVID-19 Compliance Cost Reductions in the WIC Program

Studies identify one element of compliance costs—quarterly appointments—as a barrier to continued WIC participation. This article draws on 44 in-depth qualitative interviews with participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) to examine how WIC participants perceived the reduction of compliance costs following the implementation of remote appointments in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. WIC participants reported satisfaction with remote appointments and a reduction in the compliance costs of accessing and maintaining benefits.

read more about “It Was Actually Pretty Easy”: COVID-19 Compliance Cost Reductions in the WIC Program
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Childhood Wealth Inequality in the United States: Implications for Social Stratification and Well-Being

Wealth inequality—the unequal distribution of assets and debts across a population—has reached historic levels in the United States, particularly for households with children.

read more about Childhood Wealth Inequality in the United States: Implications for Social Stratification and Well-Being
Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Journal Articles

Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial

The Family Connects (FC) program, a community-wide nurse home visiting program for newborns, has been shown to provide benefits for children and families through the first 5 years of life.

read more about Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Behind the Findings: Policies that Contribute to Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Net Worth Poverty

This brief summarizes the findings from Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019 in the Journal of Marriage and the Family and offers historical context for U.S. policies that have contributed to racial and ethnic differences in net worth poverty in child households.

read more about Behind the Findings: Policies that Contribute to Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Net Worth Poverty
Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Book Chapter

Maternal Imprisonment and the Timing of Children’s Foster Care Involvement

Beth Gifford, Megan Golonka and Kelly Evans wrote a chapter of the book, Children with Incarceratead Mothers Separation, Loss, and Reunification. The chapter summarized findings of their study that examined the timing of mother’s incarceration in relation to her children’s involvement with social services, contributory factors leading to foster care placement, and foster care discharge outcomes.

read more about Maternal Imprisonment and the Timing of Children’s Foster Care Involvement
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

Improving Access to Critical Nutrition Assistance Programs

Participants of the study pointed to a number of actionable recommendations to increase program participation and enhance the participant experience in the nutrition assistance programs SNAP and WIC: Federal and state WIC programs should strengthen vendor management to improve the shopping experience. State and local agencies should develop peer programs to educate WIC participants on…

read more about Improving Access to Critical Nutrition Assistance Programs
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

The Effect of Coal-Fired Power Plant Closures on Emergency Department Visits for Asthma-Related Conditions Among 0- to 4-Year-Old Children in Chicago, 2009–2017

This article investigates the effects of coal-fired power plant closures on zip code–level rates of emergency department visits for asthma-related conditions among 0- to 4-year-old children in Chicago, Illinois. Findings demonstrate that closing coal-fired power plants can lead to improvements in the respiratory health of young children.

read more about The Effect of Coal-Fired Power Plant Closures on Emergency Department Visits for Asthma-Related Conditions Among 0- to 4-Year-Old Children in Chicago, 2009–2017
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Impacts of Heightened Immigration Enforcement on U.S. Citizens’ Birth Outcomes

Key Takeaways: Harsher immigration law enforcement by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement leads to decreased use of prenatal care for foreign-born mothers and declines in birth weight. The uptick in ICE activities under the Trump administration may have long-lasting, harmful effects on U.S.-born citizens. Sheriffs and local governments should terminate their 287(g) agreements with ICE…

read more about Impacts of Heightened Immigration Enforcement on U.S. Citizens’ Birth Outcomes
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

“It Takes a While to Get Used to”: The Costs of Redeeming Public Benefits

Scholars have examined how administrative burden creates barriers to accessing public benefits but have primarily focused on the challenges of claiming benefits. Less is known about the difficulties beneficiaries face when using public benefits, especially voucher-based public assistance programs. Examining redemption costs can help clarify when and where beneficiaries experience burdens, reasons behind discontinuity in program participation, and why public programs fail to meet objectives.

read more about “It Takes a While to Get Used to”: The Costs of Redeeming Public Benefits
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Lower neural value signaling in the prefrontal cortex is related to childhood family income and depressive symptomatology during adolescence

Lower family income during childhood is related to increased rates of adolescent depression, though the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.

read more about Lower neural value signaling in the prefrontal cortex is related to childhood family income and depressive symptomatology during adolescence
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Clearing gang- and drug-involved nonfatal shootings

Clearance rates for nonfatal shootings, especially cases involving gang- and drug-related violence, are disturbingly low in many US cities.

read more about Clearing gang- and drug-involved nonfatal shootings
Adolescence to Adulthood
Families and Parenting
Books

Parenting Across Cultures from Childhood to Adolescence: Development in Nine Countries

Edited by Jennifer Lansford and Drew Rothenberg with Marc Bornstein, this book shares findings from a study of parents and children in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand and the United States. Each chapter is authored by a contributor native to the country examined. Together, the chapters provide a global understanding of parenting across cultures.

read more about Parenting Across Cultures from Childhood to Adolescence: Development in Nine Countries
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Do Teacher Assistants Improve Student Outcomes? Evidence From School Funding Cutbacks in North Carolina

This article examines the influence of teacher assistants and other personnel on outcomes for elementary school students during a period of recession-induced cutbacks in teacher assistants.

read more about Do Teacher Assistants Improve Student Outcomes? Evidence From School Funding Cutbacks in North Carolina
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Heightened immigration enforcement impacts US citizens’ birth outcomes: Evidence from early ICE interventions in North Carolina

We examine how increased Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) activities impacted newborn health and prenatal care utilization in North Carolina around the time Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act was first being implemented within the state.

read more about Heightened immigration enforcement impacts US citizens’ birth outcomes: Evidence from early ICE interventions in North Carolina
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Getting Tough? The Effects of Discretionary Principal Discipline on Student Outcomes

Nationwide, school principals are given wide discretion to use disciplinary tools like suspension and expulsion to create a safe learning environment.

read more about Getting Tough? The Effects of Discretionary Principal Discipline on Student Outcomes
Early Care and Education
Policy Briefs

Promoting and Protecting Early Relational Health For Infants & Toddlers in Child Care

The science that informs best practice in early intervention, early childhood education, and early childhood mental health is clear: the most important resource infants and toddlers have is the relationships they develop with adult caregivers. For young children in child care programs, relationships with their teachers are a resource they depend on.

read more about Promoting and Protecting Early Relational Health For Infants & Toddlers in Child Care
K-12 Education
Race Equity
Policy Briefs

Equity and Access in Gifted Education: An Examination within North Carolina

The disproportionality between the representation of white students and students of color in gifted education programs is both persistent and pervasive. Attempts over the years to remedy the issue have done little to narrow this disparity.

read more about Equity and Access in Gifted Education: An Examination within North Carolina
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Work Schedule Unpredictability: Daily Occurrence and Effects on Working Parents’ Well-Being

Family science has long considered the ways in which parents’ experiences in the workplace can affect families.

read more about Work Schedule Unpredictability: Daily Occurrence and Effects on Working Parents’ Well-Being
COVID-19
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Social and Emotional Learning During COVID-19 and Beyond: Why It Matters and How to Support It

Social and emotional development was in peril prior to the pandemic. After this time apart, it will take systematic, intentional, and intensive efforts to get social and emotional learning back on track.

read more about Social and Emotional Learning During COVID-19 and Beyond: Why It Matters and How to Support It
K-12 Education
Race Equity
Journal Articles

School Segregation at the Classroom Level in a Southern ‘New Destination’ State

Using detailed administrative data for public schools, we document racial and ethnic segregation at the classroom level in North Carolina, a state that has experienced a sharp increase in Hispanic enrollment.

read more about School Segregation at the Classroom Level in a Southern ‘New Destination’ State
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Reimagining Policing: How Community-Led Interventions Can Improve Outcomes for Domestic Violence and Mental Health Calls

In response to police killings of Black people and the ensuing protests that took place in communities across the country in 2020, media coverage in North Carolina and in much of the nation this past year has focused heavily on instances of police violence and the protests and counterprotests that have since occurred throughout the…

read more about Reimagining Policing: How Community-Led Interventions Can Improve Outcomes for Domestic Violence and Mental Health Calls
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019

This study is the first to examine net worth poverty, and its intersection with income poverty, by race and ethnicity among child households in the United States.

read more about Net Worth Poverty in Child Households by Race and Ethnicity, 1989–2019
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

Working Families’ Experiences of the Enduring COVID Crisis: Snapshot from Midsummer

Key Takeaways: Economic instability remains high among hourly service workers — from both job and household income loss. Food insecurity has increased significantly among working families. Safety net programs can help families maintain their incomes and reduce food insecurity, however benefits are not reaching everyone. Keeping vulnerable families afloat during the pandemic will require policymakers…

read more about Working Families’ Experiences of the Enduring COVID Crisis: Snapshot from Midsummer
Child Welfare
Families and Parenting
Policy Briefs

Reframing Law Enforcement’s Approach to Domestic Violence Calls

The Duke University Center for Child and Family Policy partnered with the Durham Crisis Response Center, the Exchange Family Center, the Center for Child and Family Health, and the Durham County Department of Social Services to create the Durham Integrated Domestic Violence Response System (DIDVRS). DIDVRS is an evidence-based, community-led approach to more appropriately address…

read more about Reframing Law Enforcement’s Approach to Domestic Violence Calls
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

COVID-19 and Parent-Child Psychological Well-being

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 has changed American society in ways that are difficult to capture in a timely manner.

read more about COVID-19 and Parent-Child Psychological Well-being
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Brazil’s Missing Infants: Zika Risk Changes Reproductive Behavior

Zika virus epidemics have potential large-scale population effects. Controlled studies of mice and nonhuman primates indicate that Zika affects fecundity, raising concerns about miscarriage in human populations.

read more about Brazil’s Missing Infants: Zika Risk Changes Reproductive Behavior
Families and Parenting
Books

Families and Social Change in the Gulf Region

Over the last five decades, dramatic social changes have disrupted established patterns of family life and human development in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. This book examines the role of these changes, such as urbanization, educational progress, emigration, and globalization, and describes their implications for Gulf families.

read more about Families and Social Change in the Gulf Region
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Reports

Learning from Pre-K Teachers

During the spring of 2020, a statewide survey was undertaken to understand how early childhood educators sought to navigate the transition to remote learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

read more about Learning from Pre-K Teachers
COVID-19
K-12 Education
Policy Briefs

Connecting with K-12 Students During COVID-19: Findings and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers

This brief uses data from a survey of educators in nine districts participating in the North Carolina Resilience and Learning Project on the challenges of remote learning and education during the COVID-19 pandemic. It offers recommendations for improving educational equity during remote learning, addressing the following areas: technology access, availability of adult support, student well-being,…

read more about Connecting with K-12 Students During COVID-19: Findings and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers
COVID-19
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

K-12 Social-Emotional Support During COVID-19: Reflections and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers

This Brief Will Cover Emotional and Mental Health Support for Teachers. Survey data from N.C. teachers on their concerns about returning to school in the fall. Recommended strategies for helping school administrators promote wellness among school staff upon their return. Re-envisioning the Way Students and Schools Interact. Recommended practices for promoting relationship building among teachers,…

read more about K-12 Social-Emotional Support During COVID-19: Reflections and Recommendations from a Survey of North Carolina Teachers
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

“New Normal” for Children and Families: Developing a Universal Approach with a Focus on Equity

This brief provides an overview of the various channels through which COVID-19 has affected the lives of children and families, and proposes 4 key actions to help communities heal and build stronger, equitable systems: Create a “new” public health system centered upon a universal approach to care with a focus on equity. Invest in early…

read more about “New Normal” for Children and Families: Developing a Universal Approach with a Focus on Equity
COVID-19
K-12 Education
Policy Briefs

Lessons Learned about Online Schooling for Young Children from K-1 Classroom and ESL Teachers

This brief provides an overview of lessons learned about online schooling for young children during the COVID-19 pandemic from K-1 classroom and ESL teachers, and 5 recommendations for how to support the continuation of online learning into the next school year.

read more about Lessons Learned about Online Schooling for Young Children from K-1 Classroom and ESL Teachers
COVID-19
Poverty and Inequality
Policy Briefs

The Added Benefit of North Carolina’s Evictions Moratorium: Protecting Vulnerable Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Key Takeaways: Government officials halted housing evictions in North Carolina as a response to the COVID-19 crisis. We analyze administrative data on evictions from the N.C. Administrative Office of the Courts and on public school children in Durham to identify characteristics of children who experience eviction. Our analysis shows that an additional benefit of the…

read more about The Added Benefit of North Carolina’s Evictions Moratorium: Protecting Vulnerable Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Child Welfare
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Book Chapter

North Carolina Resilience and Learning Project

Katie Rosanbalm wrote the opening chapter of a book entitled, Alleviating the Educational Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences. The book is a collection of approaches to trauma-informed education based on school-university-community collaborations. Rosanbalm’s chapter summarizes the literature on why trauma-informed strategies are important to academic success and describes the specifics of the Resilience and Learning Model. It concludes with preliminary qualitative findings from pilot schools.

read more about North Carolina Resilience and Learning Project
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Reports

NC Pre-K Remote Learning Survey Results | COVID-19 Response

Children’s earliest experiences shape their brain’s architecture and create the foundation for healthy development and future learning. High-quality early learning environments support children in meeting critical developmental milestones, and children who attend high-quality early education programs are better prepared for success in school — academically, socially and emotionally.

read more about NC Pre-K Remote Learning Survey Results | COVID-19 Response
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Ensuring Vulnerable Children and Families Have Access to Needed Health Services and Supports During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This policy brief focuses on how necessary responses to the COVID-19 pandemic alter the health and social service landscape for children and families, particularly those who were already vulnerable, and offers policy guidance.

read more about Ensuring Vulnerable Children and Families Have Access to Needed Health Services and Supports During the COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19
Early Care and Education
Policy Briefs

Strategies to Support the Well-Being of Essential Child Care Staff and Young Children During COVID-19

Inside: Protecting the Physical Well-Being of Essential Child Care Providers and Young Children Supporting the Social-Emotional Well-Being of Essential Child Care Providers and Young Children Caring for Older Children Supporting Child Care Administrators Whose Facilities are Staying Open to Meet Essential Needs

read more about Strategies to Support the Well-Being of Essential Child Care Staff and Young Children During COVID-19
COVID-19
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Policy Briefs

Devastating Impact of COVID Crisis on Working Families

This brief provides an overview of key ways in which COVID-19 has impacted working families, as drawn from our study’s survey analysis. 1. Drastic Reductions in Work Hours and Increase in Job Loss 2. Harmed Well-Being of Both Parents and Their Children 3. Policy Supports Not Reaching Families 4. Employer-Provided Benefits Reaching Some Families

read more about Devastating Impact of COVID Crisis on Working Families
Child Welfare
Journal Articles

Mothers and fathers in the criminal justice system and children’s child protective services involvement

Parents charged with a criminal offense had higher rates of having a child protective services (CPS) assessment/investigation during the three years preceding the charge than parents who were not charged. Changing parental incarceration rates would change CPS caseloads substantially.

read more about Mothers and fathers in the criminal justice system and children’s child protective services involvement
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Gender Differences in the Impact of North Carolina’s Early Care and Education Initiatives on Student Outcomes in Elementary School

Based on growing evidence of the long-term benefits of enriched early childhood experiences, we evaluate the potential for addressing gender disparities in elementary school through early care and education programs.

read more about Gender Differences in the Impact of North Carolina’s Early Care and Education Initiatives on Student Outcomes in Elementary School
Child Welfare
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Books

State of Empowerment: Low-Income Families and the New Welfare State

Carolyn Barnes uses ethnographic accounts of three organizations to reveal how interacting with government-funded after-school programs can enhance the civic and political lives of low-income citizens.

read more about State of Empowerment: Low-Income Families and the New Welfare State
Families and Parenting
Poverty and Inequality
Race Equity
Journal Articles

Mothers’ and Fathers’ Time Spent with Children in the U.S.: Variations by Race/Ethnicity Within Income from 2003 to 2013

Using data from the American Time Use Survey, we examine the empirically underexplored ways in which racial and ethnic identity shapes parental time use.

read more about Mothers’ and Fathers’ Time Spent with Children in the U.S.: Variations by Race/Ethnicity Within Income from 2003 to 2013
Families and Parenting
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Agricultural Fires and Health at Birth

Fire has long served as a tool in agriculture, but the practice’s link with economic activity has made its health consequences difficult to study.

read more about Agricultural Fires and Health at Birth
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Raising the bar for college admission: North Carolina’s increase in minimum math course requirements

Charles T. Clotfelter, Steven W. Hemelt, Helen F. Ladd Education Finance and Policy (2019) 14 (3): 492–521. https://doi.org/10.1162/edfp_a_00258

read more about Raising the bar for college admission: North Carolina’s increase in minimum math course requirements
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Bringing Organizations Back In: Multilevel Feedback Effects on Individual Civic Inclusion

Policy feedback scholarship has focused on how laws and their implementation affect either organizations (e.g., their resources, priorities, political opportunities, or incentive structures) or individuals (e.g., their civic skills and resources or their psychological orientations toward the state).

read more about Bringing Organizations Back In: Multilevel Feedback Effects on Individual Civic Inclusion
K-12 Education
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Professionals, friends, and confidants: After-school staff as social support to low-income parents

Policy makers, practitioners, and researchers have emphasized the importance of supportive relationships between staff and parents in early childhood education settings and schools.

read more about Professionals, friends, and confidants: After-school staff as social support to low-income parents
Poverty and Inequality
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

WIC Recipients in the Retail Environment: A Qualitative Study Assessing Customer Experience and Satisfaction

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program is an important intervention for prevention and treatment of obesity and food insecurity, but participation has dropped among eligible populations from 2009 to 2015.

read more about WIC Recipients in the Retail Environment: A Qualitative Study Assessing Customer Experience and Satisfaction
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Impact of a Neuroscience-Based Health Education Course on High School Students’ Health Knowledge, Beliefs, and Behaviors.

The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the potential of an innovative high school neuroscience-based health course for implementation feasibility and impact on student outcomes.

read more about Impact of a Neuroscience-Based Health Education Course on High School Students’ Health Knowledge, Beliefs, and Behaviors.
Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Journal Articles

Predicting Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood

Saint-Eloi Cadely et al. found longitudinal patterns for the perpetration of both psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV), including actively and minimally aggressive patterns.

read more about Predicting Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood
Child Welfare
Reports

Where Does the Money Go

This report provides a comprehensive look at 2014 social spending by the federal government on children ages 0-8 and breaks down program spending by family income.

read more about Where Does the Money Go
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Improving Young English Learners’ Language and Literacy Skills Through Teacher Professional Development: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Using a randomized controlled trial, we tested a new teacher professional development program for increasing the language and literacy skills of young Latino English learners with 45 teachers and 105 students in 12 elementary schools.

read more about Improving Young English Learners’ Language and Literacy Skills Through Teacher Professional Development: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Adolescence to Adulthood
Poverty and Inequality
Journal Articles

Multifaceted Aid for Low-Income Students and College Outcomes: Evidence From North Carolina

We study the evolution of a campus-based aid program for low-income students that began with grant-heavy financial aid and later added a suite of nonfinancial supports.

read more about Multifaceted Aid for Low-Income Students and College Outcomes: Evidence From North Carolina
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School

North Carolina’s Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61% non-Latinx White, 30% African American, 4% Latinx, 5% other).

read more about Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Evaluation of a Public Awareness Campaign to Prevent High School Dropout

Many advocacy organizations devote time and resources to increasing community awareness and educating the public in an effort to gain support for their issue.

read more about Evaluation of a Public Awareness Campaign to Prevent High School Dropout
Early Care and Education
K-12 Education
Journal Articles

Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Initiatives on Special Education Placements in Third Grade

This study examines the community-wide effects of investments in two early childhood initiatives in North Carolina (Smart Start and More at Four) on the likelihood of a student being placed into special education.

read more about Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Initiatives on Special Education Placements in Third Grade
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress Report 2: A Review of Ecological, Biological, and Developmental Studies of Self-Regulation and Stress

This report builds on the previous report in this series, Foundations for Understanding Self-Regulation from an Applied Developmental Perspective, which describes a theoretical framework that is utilized in the present review of empirical ecological, biological, and developmental studies.

read more about Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress Report 2: A Review of Ecological, Biological, and Developmental Studies of Self-Regulation and Stress
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress Report 1: Foundations for Understanding Self-Regulation from an Applied Perspective

This is the first in a series of four inter-related reports titled Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress, with subtitles specifying the focus of each report.

read more about Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress Report 1: Foundations for Understanding Self-Regulation from an Applied Perspective
Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Substance Use and Abuse in Durham County 2014

According to the North Carolina (N.C.) Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities and Substance Abuse Services, approximately 18,000 adults and 1,000 children in Durham County abused or were addicted to illegal drugs, prescription medications, or alcohol in 2012(1). Substance abuse not only impacts the individual and his/her family, but also the community.

read more about Substance Use and Abuse in Durham County 2014
K-12 Education
Reports

Attendance in Durham Primary Schools

This memo examines recent data from Durham Public Schools related to student absenteeism. This memo examines four related issues surrounding absenteeism: Description of student absenteeism by grade-level Persistence of truancy from one year to the next The association between truancy and grade retention, and The overlap between absenteeism and tardies.

read more about Attendance in Durham Primary Schools
Adolescence to Adulthood
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Mental Health Outreach Program (MHOP) Evaluation Report

This report summarizes preliminary findings associated with the MHOP program that began in Durham County in January of 2011.

read more about Mental Health Outreach Program (MHOP) Evaluation Report
Adolescence to Adulthood
K-12 Education
Reports

America’s Promise Alliance: 10 Indicators of Academic Achievement and Youth Success

Approximately one quarter of U.S. students do not graduate from high school with their peers. Failing to complete high school severely limits opportunities for employment and future financial stability. High school dropouts earn lower wages through their lifetime and work for fewer years.1 The costs to society of high school dropouts are also high and…

read more about America’s Promise Alliance: 10 Indicators of Academic Achievement and Youth Success
K-12 Education
Reports

Final Report to the Spencer Foundation

In 2009, the Spencer Foundation renewed its generous support of the Data Center with an additional two years of funding. In addition, Duke University and the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction have continued to support the Data Center through the collaborative relationship established in the current Memorandum of Understanding between the two institutions.

read more about Final Report to the Spencer Foundation
K-12 Education
Reports

Evaluation of the HillRAP Intervention in Davie County Middle Schools 2008-2010

This report presents the final findings for a two-year evaluation of the Hill Center Reading Achievement Program (HillRAP) as implemented in a middle school setting from September 2008 to June 2010. The Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University conducted this evaluation in collaboration with the Davie County Public Schools and the Mebane…

read more about Evaluation of the HillRAP Intervention in Davie County Middle Schools 2008-2010
Child Welfare
Policy Briefs

Multiple Response System and System of Care: Two Policy Reforms Designed to Improve The Child Welfare System

Child abuse and neglect is a serious problem in the United States. From 2004 to 2005 the number of substantiated reports of maltreatment increased by 27,000 cases from 872,000 to 899,000.

read more about Multiple Response System and System of Care: Two Policy Reforms Designed to Improve The Child Welfare System
Child Welfare
Reports

Multiple Response System (MRS) Evaluation Report to the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS) 2006

At the request of the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS), the Center for Child and Family Policy at The Terry Sanford Institute at Duke University evaluated the Multiple Response System (MRS) reform for families reported to child welfare in 10 MRS pilot counties.

read more about Multiple Response System (MRS) Evaluation Report to the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS) 2006
Social Emotional Health and Well-Being
Reports

Substance Use and Abuse in Durham County 2006

The impact of substance use and addiction surrounds us and affects every aspect of our Durham community.

read more about Substance Use and Abuse in Durham County 2006
Child Welfare
Reports

Multiple Response System (MRS) Evaluation Report to the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS) 2004

In response to a request from the North Carolina Division of Social Services (DSS),Center for Child and Family Policy at The Terry Sanford Institute at Duke University evaluated the Multiple Response System reform for families reported for child maltreatment.

read more about Multiple Response System (MRS) Evaluation Report to the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS) 2004
1 2 3 23