William A. Darity

Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies and Economics; Director, Duke Consortium on Social Equality; and Faculty Affiliate of the Center for Child and Family Policy

William A. ("Sandy") Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies and Economics and director of the Duke Consortium on Social Equality.

Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of graduate studies at the University of North Carolina.

Darity's research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, doctrinal history and the social psychological effects of unemployment exposure.

Darity was named the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award recipient for 2012 by the National Economic Association, the NEA's highest honor.

Research Interests:

  • Economics
  • Education


  • Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology - 1978
  • B.A. Brown University - 1974

Recent Publications (More Publications)

  • Jackson, FM; Rashied-Henry, K; Braveman, P; Dominguez, TP; Ramos, D; Maseru, N; Darity, W; Waddell, L; Warne, D; Legaz, G; Gupta, R; James, A (2020) A Prematurity Collaborative Birth Equity Consensus Statement for Mothers and Babies Maternal and Child Health Journal, 24, 1231-1237, [doi], [abs]
  • Craemer, T; Smith, T; Harrison, B; Logan, T; Bellamy, W; Darity, W (2020) Wealth Implications of Slavery and Racial Discrimination for African American Descendants of the Enslaved The Review of Black Political Economy, 47, 218-254, [doi], [abs]
  • Darity, W; Addo, FR; Smith, IZ (2020) A SUBALTERN MIDDLE CLASS: THE CASE OF THE MISSING “BLACK BOURGEOISIE” IN AMERICA Contemporary Economic Policy, [doi], [abs]
  • Siddiqi, A; Sod-Erdene, O; Hamilton, D; Cottom, TM; Darity, W (2019) Growing sense of social status threat and concomitant deaths of despair among whites. Ssm Population Health, 9, 100449, [doi], [abs]
  • Burns, AB; Darity, W (2019) A blurred case: The diversity defense for affirmative action in the U.S. Du Bois Review, 16, 341-356, [doi], [abs]